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Kinesology

Kinesology Terms

QuestionAnswer
Concentric contraction (muscle visiably contracts) muscles applies enough force to overcome the resistance (the weight it is carrying) so that it shortens as it contracts
Eccentric Contraction muscle lengthens as it gains tension (opposite of isotonic) Example - running downhill
isometric contraction static contraction - tension on the muscle but no movement is made causing the length of the muscle to remain the same
Isotonic contractions muscle shortens as it contracts (all excerises)
Acute phase inflammatory state 1-4 days
sub acute phase Fibroblastic phase 5- 21 days
Chronic phase remodeling stage
Thixotropy fluid & pliable when it is mobile - firm when immobile
effleurage slidding, glidding
petrissage kneading, compression, milking muscle,
ischemia lack of blood supply
Friction small area at a time
tapotement brisk percusive movements
Vibration oscillating, quivering or trembline motion, shaking
direct pressure i.e. on suboccpticals
ischemic compression i.e. on trigger point
drag resistance felt as soft tissue around joint are stretched
end feel resistance as limit of stretch reached
skin rolling restore elasticity
ground substance mucopolysaccharide or intercellular fluid
hyperemia increase of blood flow to the area