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Chapt.12Vocabulary

Definitions

QuestionAnswer
family a group of people who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption who live together and share resources.
nuclear family consists of one or both parents and their children.
family of orientation (a member of two different overlapping nuclear families) is the nuclear family into which the person is born or adopted.
family of procreation consisting of the individual,his or her spouse,and their children.
extended family consists of two or more generations. (includes grandparents, parents, children, uncles, aunts, and cousins.)
kinship refers to a network of people who are related by marriage, birth, or adoption (this group can be quite large).
marriage the set of norms that establishes and characterizes the relationship between married individuals.
monogamy the marriage of one man to one woman.
polygamy marriage with multiple partners.
polygyny a man is permitted to marry more than one woman at a time.
polyandry a woman is permitted to marry more than one man at a time
patrilocality residential pattern in which a newly married couple is expected to live with or near the husband's parents
matrilocality residential pattern in which a newly married couple are expected to live near or with the wife's parents.
bilocality residential pattern in which a newly married couple is allowed to choose whether they will live with the husband's parents or the wife's parents.
neolocality residential pattern in which a newly married couple is free to set up their residence apart from both sets of parents.
patrilineal descent descent pattern in which kinship is traced through the father's family
matrilineal descent descent system in which kinship is traced through the mother's family
bilateral descent descent system in which kinship is traced through both parents.
patriarchy father hold most of the authority.
matriarchy mother holds most of the authority.
egalitarian mother and father share the authority.
incest taboo is a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives.
homogamy tendency for individuals to marry people who have social characteristics similiar to thier own.
heterogamy tendency for individuals to marry people who have social characteristics different from their own.
dual-earner families families in which both husband and wife have jobs.
sandwich generation american caught between the needs of their children and their aging parents.
voluntary childlessness conscious choice to remain childless.
Created by: &britt1993