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Ethics Qtr-1

Final Qtr-1

QuestionAnswer
Branch of philosophy dealing with values relating to human conduct; addresses right & wrong of actions, goodness & badness of motives Ethics
Set of values, ideas, and options of an individual or a group Philosophy
Beliefs that are held in high esteem Values
Based on self-interest Rules of Prudence
Based on a concept of right and wrong Moral Rules
Enacted by legislature, enforced by a police force Laws
Worked a lot with kids, and built on Freud Jean Piaget
First phase developed by Piaget that starts when a child is younger than 2 yrs old Sensorimotor Phase
Second phase developed by Piaget that is from ages 2-6; what's concrete is Pre-operational Phase
Third phase developed by Piaget that is from ages 7-12; where children start to connect things together, believe rules are fixed Concrete Operational
Fourth phase developed by Piaget that starts after age 12; where people start to think abstractly, know rules can be changed, wants to know the motives behind them Formal Operations
He looked at moral reasoning and moral dilemmas, studied and built on Piaget, proposed conventional stages of developement Lawrence Kohlberg
Kohlberg's stage 0; no moral thinking, it's all about me Pre-Moral ex: I want food, I am hungry
Kohlberg's stage 1; not thinking about conventions of society, understand reward & punishment, rules are fixed Pre-Conventional ex: Doing chores for a reward
Kohlberg's stage 2; start thinking about society, motive are important and are thinking of the immediate group, recognize duties and responsibilities Conventional ex: Recycling
Kohlberg's stage 3; thinking beyond conventions, want to change society for the better Post-Conventional ex: Green Movement, Breast Cancer Movement
Do unto others as you would have them do unto you The Golden Rule
Do unto others as they would have you do unto them The Platinum Rule
"If I do this in public will I be embarrassed" The Public Disclosure Test
"If everybody did it would the world be a better place?" Universalization Test
An employee who has inside knowledge of illegal or unethical activities occurring within the organization and reports it to the public Whistleblower
Member of a group of society, with it comes rights and responsibilities Citizenship
Standards and expectations are... Conventions
Created by: sbarton
 

 



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