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Treatment Modalities

Psych 111: Intro to Pysch (15)

alter the biochemistry of the brain. Psychotropic Medication
ritalin ADHD
paxil/xanax Anxiety
prozac, zoloft, celexa Depression
lithium Bipolar Disorder
lesion/destroy problematic areas of the brain to eliminate disruptive behaviors (lobotomy, OCD surgery). Psychosurgery
shock therapy, beneficial to those with severe depressions which aren't resonsive to medication/therapy. Electroconclusive Therapy (ECT)
can lead to memory impairment, unclear of why/how it works. Electroconclusive Therapy (ECT)
talking therapies Psychotherapies
based on Freudian principles believing in the impact of early childhood. Psychoanalysis
uses free association: saying whatever comes to mind. Psychoanalysis
dream interpretation, transference, goal to uncover UCS conflicts to decrease anxiety/stress caused by guilt. Psychoanalysis
develop relationship with therapist based on other people in one's life. Transference
looks at unconscious conflicts, defense mechanisms, and symptonm resolution in a broader manner than Freud. Psychodynamic Therapies
systematic desensitization, virtual reality therapy, aversion therapy, flooding. Cognitive Behavioral Therapies
step-by-step processing of eliminating a fear. Systematic Desensitization
uses counter conditioning: pair relaxation techniques with a feared situation. Systematic Desensitization
substitutes punishment for the reinforcement of a bad habit. Antabuse for alcoholics, Shock for pedophiles. Aversion Therapy
immersion into the feared situation/circumstance as an intervention to decrease the phobic/feared response. Flooding
Example: putting someone afraid of spiders in a cage full of spiders immediately. making somone afraid of heights climb a tower. Flooding
belief that people need to be self-actualized, unconditioned acceptance. Humanistic Therapies
help build self-esteem and feeling of acceptance, unconditional positive regard (ex: Rogers). Humanistic Therapies
help identify beliefs and expectations which maintain problems and conflicts. Cognitive Therapies
Challenges distortions in thinking. Cognitive Therapies
example: I can't tell my mom how I really feel because it will make her feel bad, and it would make me feel bad if she felt bad, and I wouldn't want to make her cry because that would make me feel bad, and on and on.... Cognitive Therapies
focus on the dynamics in the family as a system with different rules, roles, and motivations. Families and Couples Therapy
treat each person as an intergral to the bigger system, "idetified patient" is symptom barrier in the family (Evan). Families and Couples Therapy
Change 1 part of the system and the whole system needs to adapt. Families and Couples Therapy
people with similar or different problems come together to provide support strategies. Group Therapy
normalization is a key componenet. Group Therapy
can aid in socioal skills, empathy. Group Therapy
various therapies see similar rates through this is challeneged statistically. Pyschotherapy Outcome Research
different beliefs that some therapies do better for some disorders. Pyschotherapy Outcome Research
a "+" therapeutic relationship to the therapist can be vital. Pyschotherapy Outcome Research
if you feel "+" about your relationship with your therapist you are much more likely to be successful. Pyschotherapy Outcome Research
Created by: schlechy