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memory and thinking

Cognitive Psych exam II

QuestionAnswer
procedural memory memory for actions, skills, and operations
semantic memory memory of specific events, including when and where they occured
explicit memory memory evaluated by direct memory tests
implicit memory memory evaluated by indirect memory tests
priming facilitation in the detection or recognition of a stimulus by using prior information
recognition memory deciding whether an item had previously occurred in a specific context
recognition memory Deciding whether an item had previously occurred in
cued recall Recall that occurs with hints or cues, such asproviding the questions asked during the judgment phase of a task
noncued recall Recall that occurs without hints or cues provided by the experimenter
serial position effect The ability to recall words at the beginning and end of a list better than words in the middle of the list.
primacy effect The better recall of words at the beginning of a list
recency effect The better recall of words at the end of a list
coding Semantic elaboration of information to make it easier to remember
memory code The format (physical, phonemic, semantic) ofinformation encoded into memory
control process A strategy that determines how information is processed
metacognition The selection of strategies for processing information
knowledge acquisition Storage of information in long-term memory
rehearsal Repeating verbal information to keep it active in short-term memory or to transfer it into long-term memory
maintenance rehearsal Rehearsal that keeps information active in short-term memory
rote learning Learning by repetition rather than through understanding
levels of processing A theory that proposes that “deeper” (semantic) levels of processing enhance memory
Created by: Pianoman