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Foundations Voc

Civics: Foundations of a Democratic Government

the authority, or power, that rules on behalf of a group of people Government
a form of government in which all power is in the hands of one person or a group of persons Dictator (Dictatorship)
a form of government in which a king, queen, prince (a monarch) rules and sometimes is in charge of the government Monarchy
a key document of American freedom, adopted on July 4, 1776, declaring the 13 American colonies to be free and independent of Great Britain Declaration of Independence
representatives who were chosen to attend the Constitutional Convention Delegates
members of the House of Representatives or a person who represents a group of people in the government. Representative
the plan of government approved in 1789 to be the “supreme law of the land”. Constitution of the United States of America
the national government of our nation. Federal Government
the branch of our federal, state or local government that makes the laws Legislative Branch
the branch of our federal, state or local government that carries out the laws. Executive Branch
the branch of the federal, state or local government that decides if laws have been broken and that punishes lawbreakers Judicial Branch
a proposed law being considered by a lawmaking body Bill
the way in which the powers of government are balanced, or divided, among three branches, so that each branch may check, or limit, the other branches. Checks and Balances
The heads of the executive departments in the federal government, who also act as advisors to the President. Cabinet
the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, which set forth the basic rights, or freedoms, guaranteed to all Americans Bill of Rights
the traditional ways of doing things in our federal government that are seldom written down or made into laws Unwritten Constitution
Based on a theology or religious faith. It is a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler and the God’s or deity’s laws are being interpreted by govt officials Theocracy
Complete disorder that can result from having no government or laws Anarchy
the doctrine that monarchs derive their right to rule directly from God and are accountable only to God Divine Right
Under a socialist system the government has ownership over the countries basic goods and services (communication, transportation, health care, power, etc.); however, some services, are owned by private businesses Socialism
a set of pamphlets authored by Thomas Paine that encouraged separation from the Crown. Pamphlets called the King a brute and stated that America had a separate destiny from England Common Sense
the theory and system of politics of developing colonies to maintain a balance of trade Mercantilism
a letter written to King George III from the members of the 2nd Continental Congress that appealed to the king to address colonial grievances to avoid war Olive Branch Petition
political system in which ownership of all product and land are in the hands of the people, and all goods are equally shared Communism
Occurred in the 18th century. Philosophers wrote new ideas on politics such as the role of the “divine right” of kings and the separation of church and state Age of Enlightenment
Predecessor to the U.S. Bill of Rights. Outlined new rights for the English people such as “no taxation without representation." English Bill of Rights
Government: Government by the people Democracy
Government where the people elect leaders to carry out the rules and ideals that they want. Representative Democracy
a system of government in which ALL citizens participate in politics and decision making Direct Democracy
Influential English philosopher who inspired Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration of Independence John Locke
authored the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson
Father of the Constitution James Madison
violation of allegiance to one’s country Treason
A person who betrays his country Traitors
which means that the king shares power with a group of advisors or a democratic body Constitutional Monarchy
Colonists loyal to the United States Patriots
Colonists loyal to the British Tory
author of Common Sense Thomas Paine
King of England during the American Revolution King George III
Acts of law passed by England to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party. Intolerable Acts
group of nations or states united for a common cause Confederation
War fought to gain American independence from England. American Revolution
A body of 55 representatives appointed by colonial legislatures who met to plan a response to England’s Intolerable Acts. 1st Continental Congress
An act of protest of the stamp act by the American colonists against England Boston Tea Party
a body of representatives who met and approved the Declaration of Independence 2nd Continental Congress
Armed civilians fighting during the Revolutionary War. Minutemen
a company or group having exclusive control over commercial activity. Monopoly
A driving force calling for independence from England John Adams
A compromise reached by the Northern states and Southern states over how to count the slave population. Slaves were counted 3/5 of all other persons Three-Fifths Compromise
People who supported the Constitution Federalist
People who were against the Constitution Anti-Federalist
Large states plan for a bicameral congress with representation to be based on population. Virginia Plan
Small states plan for a unicameral congress with equal representation New Jersey Plan
Created by: ElizabethI