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med term final test

med term

QuestionAnswer
Gastrectomy Gastric resection
Osteitis Inflammation of the bone
Hepatoma Tumor of the Liver
Iatrogenic: Hint,...doctors cause this Pertaing to produced by treatment
Diagnosis: A treatment of the patient
Microscopic examination of living tissue Biopsy
Removalof the gland Adenectomy
Pathologist is one who: Performs autopsies and reads biopsies
Pain in the joint: Arthralgia
Abnormal condition of the mind: Psychosis
Study of cells: Cytology
Pertaining to through the liver: (hep makes reference to the liver) Transhepatic
High level of suger in the blood: Hyperglycemia
Pertaining to the brain:(study spelling) cerebral
Cancerous tumor:(study spelling) carcinoma
High blood sugar: (study spelling) hyperglycemia
Internal organs: (study spelling) viscera
Pertaining to the chest; (study spelling) thoracic
Lying on the back;(study spelling) supine
Pertaining to the abdomen;(study spelling) abdominal
Picture of the chromosomes in the nucleus;(study spelling) Karyotype
Membrane surrounding the lungs; (study spelling) pleura
Space between the lungs; (study spelling) mediastinum
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain;(study spelling) pituitary
Pertaining to the (surface)skin;(study spelling) epithelial
The process by which food is burned to release energy; Catabolism
Part of the cell where formation of proteins occurs; Endoplasmic reticulum rough
Sum of the chemical processes in a cell; Metabolism
Picture of neclear structures arranged in numerical order; Karyotype
Part of a cell where catabolism primarily occurs; Mitochondria
Allows materials to pass into and out of the cell; Cell membrane
Genes are composed of; Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Muscular wall separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; Diaphragm
The space in the chest between the lungs is the: Mediastinum
Adipose means pertaining to; Fat
An epithelial cell is a(an); Skin cell
The pleural cavity is the; Space between the membranes around the lungs
Viscera; Internal organs
The pituitary gland is in which body cavity? It is under the brain[hint] Cranial
Supine means; Lying on the back
The upper lateral regions of the abdomen, beneath the ribs, are the; Hypochondriac regions
The RUQ contains the; Liver
Pertaining to a plane that divides the body into right and left portions; Sagittal
The proper plural form of necleus is; nuclei
Tightly coiled DNA is known as Chromatid
Pertaining to the groin; Inguinal
Pertaining to internal organs; Visceral
Study of tissues; Histology
Cytoplasmic structures where catabolism takes place; Mitochondria
Divides the body laterally into right and left planes; Sagittal plane
Amniocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
Death; necr/o
Small artery; Arteriole
Hernia of the urinary bladder; Cystocele
Neutrophil; Polymorphonuclear leukocyte
Instrument to record; -graph
Removal of the voice box; Laryngectomy
The opposite of -malacia is; -sclerosis
Excessive development; Hypertrophy
Treatment; -therapy
Condition (disease) of the lung; (study spelling) pneumonia
Hernia of the urinary bladder;(study spelling) cystocele
Deficiency in white blood cells;(study spelling) leukopenia
Pertaining to the groin;(study spelling) inguinal
Incision of the vein; (study spelling) phlebotomy
Without oxygen;(study spelling) anoxia
Not breathing;(study spelling) apnea
Through the skin; (study spelling) percutaneous
Pertaining to between the ribs; Intercostal
Pertaining to the opposite side; contralateral
A congential anomaly; Syndactyly
Symptoms precede an illness; Prodrome
Symphysis; Bones grow together, as in the pelvis
Ultrasonography; Sound waves and echoes are used to create an image
Hypertrophy; Increase in cell size; increased development
Dia-: Complete, through
Dyspnea; Difficult breathing
Brady; slow
Recombinant DNA; Gene from one organism is inserted into another organism
Epithelial; Surface cells that line internal organs and are found in the skin
Pertaining to below the rib; infracostal
New growth(tumor); neoplasm
Membrane surrounding a bone: periosteum
Condition of slow heartbeat bradycardia
Pertaining to under the skin hypodermic
Condition of deficiency of all (blood cells) pancyopenia
Carrying away from (the body) Abduction
Two endocrine glands, each above a kidney adrenal
Condition of "no" oxygen (deficiency) anoxia
Pertaining to through the tube leading from the bladder to the outside of the body transurethral
A substance that acts against a poison antitoxin
Pertaining to within the windpipe endotracheal
Rapid breathing; tachypnea
Pertaining to the opposite side contralateral
Four endocrine glands in the neck region parathyroid
Feeling of well-being euphoria
Removal of half of the tongue hemiglossectomy
Pertaining to the ribs intercostal
Harmless, non-cancerous benign
Pertaining to behind the membrane surrounding the abdominal organs retroperitoneal
Muscular wave like movement to transport food through the digestive system; Peristalsis
Part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels; Pulp
Gingiv/o means; Gums
Buccal means; Pertaining to the cheek
Enzyme to digest starch; Amylase
Ring of muscles; Sphincter
Fats are improperly digested and appear in the feces; Steatorrhea
Lack of appetite; Anorexia
Esophageal varices are; Swollen twisted veins
Difficulting in swallowing; Dysphagia
White plaques on the mucosa of the mouth; Oral leukoplakia
Twisting of the intestine;(spelling) volvulus
Yellow coloration of the skin; (spelling) jaundice
Salivary gland near the ear; (spelling) parotid gland
Nutrition is given other than through the intestine; (Spelling) parenteral
Destruction of blood; hemolysis
Swelling, fluid in tissues; edema
Visual examination of the bladder; cystoscopy
Stone; calculus
Collecting area in the kidney; calyx
Inability to hold urine in bladder; incontinence
Surgical punture to remove fluid from the abdomen; Paracentesis
Periodontal procedure; Gingivectomy
Portion of the urinary bladder; trigone
Glomerular; Pertaining to small balls of capillaries in the kidney
A term that means no urine production is; Anuria
Artificial kidney machine; Hemodialysis
Protein in the urine; Albuminuria
Alkaline; Basic
Central collecting region in the kidney; renal pelvis
Chemical element carrying an electrical charge when dissolved in water, sodium, and potassium are examples; Electrolyte
Tube foe injecting or removing fluids; Catheter
Hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate production of red blood cells by bone marrow; Erythopoietin
Inner region of an organ; Medulla
Outer region of an organ; Cortex
Tiny ball of the capillaries in outer area of kidney; Glomerulus
Urination, micturition; voiding
Nitrogenous waste product of muscle metabolism excreted in urine; creatinine
Hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine; urinary bladder
High blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile; Hyperbilirubinemia
Specialist in gums; Periodontist
Abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ, such as the intestine; Diverticula
Chronic intestinal inflammation; Crohn disease
Excessive thrist; polydipsia
Nephrolithotomy; Incision to remove a renal calculus
Renal abscess may lead to; Pyuria
Pregnancy; Gestation
Area between the uterus and the rectum; Cul-de-sac
Part of the vulva; Labia majora
Adnexa uteri; Ovaries and fallopian tubes
Respiratory disorder in the neonate; Hyaline membrane disease
Incision of the perineum during childbirth; Episiotomy
Fingerlike ends of the fallopian tubes are called; Fimbriae
The study and treatment of newborns is called; Neonatology
Sac containing the egg is the; Ovarian follicle
Hormone produced by an endocrine gland located below the brain; Follicle-stimulating hormone
Removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries; Bilateral salpingo-oophrectomy
Premature separation of placenta; Abruptio placentae
A woman who has had three miscarriages and 2 live births; Grav 5 para 2
Endometrial carcinoma may be detected by; D & C
Removal of internal and reproductive organs in the region of the hip; Pelvic exenteration
Physician's effort to turn the fetus during delivery; Cephalic version
Gynecomastia; Abnormal development of breast tissue in males
Excessive flow of blood from the uterus between menstrual periods; Metrorrhagia
Painful labor and delivery; Dystocia
Menarche; First menstrual period
ms. Sally Ping has vaginal discharge, pain in the LLQ and RLQ, dysmenorrhea, and a gonococcal infection. A likely diagnosis; Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Pieces of the inner lining of the uterus are ectopic; Endometriosis
Leukorrhea is associated with which of the following conditions? Cervicitis
Created by: 100000149375770