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medication in RT

drugs that can relive pain without causing loss of consciousness

QuestionAnswer
how to monitor intravenous infusions, medication pump? remember to check the hight of the bottle or bag. it should be 18 to 20 inches above the level of the vein. always to remember to check the area around the injection site foe infiltration, if it is cool, swollen, and boggy.
when u are involved in medication administration? when medications are given for radiographc procedures. ex. include radiopaque drugs injected or ingested to provide radiographic contrast, anesthetics agents injected before the insertion of the arterial catheters, and sedation to calm the patient.
must be able to QUICKLY LOCATE MEDICATIONS if there is a seden change in a patient status. give exampls 1. a severe allergic reactionto a contrast medium 2. an acute attack of angina 3. a sudden asthmathic episode 4.an insulin reaction (typical)
the radiographer is responsible for 1. checking the allergic history of a patient 2. preparing meedicatio for administeation 3. verifying patient identification 5. assisting the physician 6. monitering the paitent after medicin has been given
who selects the drug, determines the route of administration, and prescribes the exact dosage in the radiology departement? THE PHYSICIAN.
WHAT IS A STANDING ORDER? consists of written direction for a specific medicaton or procedure, signed by a physician and used only under the specific conditions stated in the order. found in a POLICY AND PROCEDURES OR STANDING ORDER book available for immediate reference in RT \
what are medications? they are substance prescribed foe treatment and produce therapeutically useful effect.
WHAT ARE DRUGS? 1.used in diagnosis, treatment,or as a componant of medication. 2.also applicable to chemicals such as narcotics or halllucinogens 3. may replace substance such as estronen or insulin.
medication such as digitalis made from.... PLANTS
MEDICATIONS SUCH AS HEPARIN MADE FROM..... ANIMAL SOURCES
PENICILLIN MADE FROM.. MICROORGANISMS
ACETYLSALICYLIC CHEMICAL NAME FOR ASPIRIN.
BRAND NAME PROPRIETARY OR TRADE NAME
THE TRADE NAME ADRNALINE USED FOR THE GENERIC TERM EPINEPHRINE
what is PHARMOCOKINETICS? is the study of how drugs enter the body, abosorbed, reach their site of action, metabolized, and exit the body.
ABSORBITION? the proces by which drug enters the systemic circulation in order to provide a desire effect.
DISTRUBUTION? means by which a drug travels from the site of absorption to the site of action theough bloodstrem.
METABOLISM? the body transforms drugs into an inactive form that can be excreted fron the body.
where drug metabolism occurs? in the liver.
excretion? the elimination of drugs from the body after they have been metabolized.
how drug excereted from the body? through kidneys, intestines, lungs or exocrine glands.
WHAT IS PHARMOCODYNAMCS? the study of the effects of drugson the normal physiological functions of the body..
the effect of the a drug on a specific cell is called..... THERAPEUTIC ACTION
AGONIST? a drug that produce such a apecific action and promotes the desited resultis reffered. (tell the cell to go and do it)
ANTAGONIST? a drug that attaches itself to the receptor, preventing the agonist from acting. (don't do it)
MEDICATION EFFECT 1. therapeutic effect 2. side effect(may or not be harmful) 3. toxoc effect(accumuate in the body) 4. idiosyncratic reaction(overreact or underreact) 5. allergic reaction(developes an allergic response) 6. mild side effect(moderat and severe side eff
Created by: esu