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review for midterm

optimal health and vitality wellness
Dimensions of wellness Physical wellness Emotional wellness Intellectual wellness Spiritual wellness Interpersonal and social wellness Environmental, or planetary, wellness
Leading Cause of Death Overall Heart disease
Second leading cause of death in US cancer
Leading cause of death for ages 15–24 unintentional injuries
Physical activity any body movement carried out by the skeletal muscles and requiring energy
Exercise planned, structured, repetitive movement of the body designed to improve or maintain physical fitness
Physical fitness a set of physical attributes that allows the body to respond or adapt to the demands and stress of physical effort
Health-related fitness physical capacities that contribute to health
Cardiorespiratory endurance the ability of the body to perform prolonged, large-muscle, dynamic exercise at moderate-to-high levels of intensity.
Muscular strength the amount of force a muscle can produce with a single maximum effort
Muscular endurance the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to remain contracted or to contract repeatedly
Flexibility the ability to move joints through their full range of motion
Body composition the proportion of fat and fat-free mass (muscle, bone, and water) in the body
FITT principle Frequency—How often Intensity—How hard Time—How long (duration) Type—Mode of activity
Mesomorph muscular
Ectomorph thin, slight of build
Endomorph rounded body type, may be plump
the major 'currency' of energy in the body ATP
maximum heart rate (MHR) 220 – your age = MHR
Dehydration excessive loss of fluid
Heat exhaustion = heat illness related to dehydration from exertion in hot weather
Heat stroke a severe and often fatal heat illness characterized by significantly elevated core body temperature
Managing minor exercise injuries: RICE Rest Ice Compression Elevation
Essential fat crucial for normal body functioning
Too little body fat for women Less than 10–12%
Too little body fat for men Less than 5%
Created by: jeank
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