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IER Musculo Conditio

Musclulo Conditions and Treatments

QuestionAnswer
ANTHROGYPOSIS NONPROGRESSIVE NONGENETIC CONGENITAL DISORDER. RIGID JOINTS OF EXTREMETIES, SAUSAGE LIKE SHAPELESS LIMBS, WEAK/NON FUNCTIONING MUSCLES. HIP DISLOCATION AND CONTRACTERS TX: ROM, SPLINTING, POSITIONING, SURGERY DD:SPINA BIDFIDA,JUVINELLE RA
COMPLEX REGIONAL PAIN SYNDROME AKA REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY(RSD) ABNORMAL PAINFUL LESION, EDEMA, and DECREASED CIRCULATION, DD: OSTEOPORIS TX: MODALITIES TO DECREASE PAIN, JOINT MOBILIZATION, WB CLOSED CHAIN EX.
COLLES FRACTURE FOOSH. DISTAL FRAGMENT OF THE RADIIUS HAS A DORSAL DISPLACEMENT WITH THE RADIAL SHIFT OF THE WRIST AND HAND TX:CASTING WRIST, EARLY AROM AND PROM DD: RADIOGRAPHIC FRACTURE/DISPLACEMENT
DEGENERATIVE JOINT DISEASE (DJD) OSTEOARTHRITIS NONRHEUMATOID & NONSYSTEMIC DISEASE AFFECTS WB JOINTS BY DEGENRATION OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE. MORNING STIFFNESS NOT USUALLY PRESENT. STIFFNESS MAYBE IMPROVED WITH EXERCISE TX: (NSAIDS). ISOMETRIC, ISOTONIC, ISOKENETIC, POSTURAL EXER.
FIBROMYALGIA IMMUNE DISORDER OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN THAT CAUSES TENDERNESS,STIFFNESS,& BURNING PAIN IN MUSCLES DD:POINTS THROUGH OUT THE BODY. RECOGNIITON OF TYPICAL NONRHEUMATIC SYSMPOTMS TX: HOLISTIC AND MULITDISIPLINARY APPROCHES ARE USED
HEMOPHILA HEREDITARY HEMORRHAGIC DISORDER THAT RESULT FROM DEFECIENCY OF SPECIFIC CLOTTING FACTORS. DD:PROLONGED BLEEDING TEST/ OTHER BLOOD TEST TX: SPLINTING, RICE, DAILY EXERCISE FOR ROM
GOUT METABOLIC DISEASE MARKED BY ELEVATED SERUM URIC ACID AND DEPOSITON OF URATE CRYSTALS IN THE JOINT. MOST OFTEN AFFECTS THE FEET ECSPECIALLY THE GREAT TOE, ANKLE, AND MID-FOOT DD:BECAUSE OF DISTINCTIVE CLINCAL FEATURES, TENETIVE DIAGNOSIS CAN BE MADE WITH B
HEMOPHILA DD/TX PROLONGED BLEEDING TEST/ OTHER BLOOD TEST TX: SPLINTING, RICE, DAILY EXERCISE FOR ROM DD:RADIOLOGICAL STUDIES WILL SHOW CALCIUM DEPSOITS TX: CONSERVATIVE WITH GENTLE AROOM AND AAROM. NO MANUAL STRECHING WITH OVERPRESSURE AT END RANGE
ILIOTIBIAL BAND FRICTION SYNDROME IRRITATION CASUED BY RUBBING OF THE ITB OVER THE LATERAL EPICONDYLE OF THE FEMUR. OFTEN OCCURS IN RUNNERS FROM OVER USE SYNDROME DD:HEMORRHAGIC DISORDER THAT IS HEREDITY RESULT FROM DEFECIENCY OF SPECIFIC CLOTTING FACTORS.
OSTEOCHRONDRITIS DISSECANS SEPERATION OF ARTICULAR CARTILAGE FROM UNDERLYING BONE DD:RADIOLOGICAL STUDIES OF THE INJURED BODY PART TX: SURGERY IF FRACTURE, GAIT TRAINING, FUNCTIONAL STREGTHENING, CONDITIONING
OSTEOMALACIA/ TX DECALCIFICATION OF BONES. RESULTS FROM VITAMIN D DEFIENCY TX: PAIN CONTROL, FUNCTIONAL MOBLE TRAINING
OSTEOMYELITIS BONE INFECTION COMMONLY RESULT OF TRAUMATIC INJURY AND ACUTE INFECTION. CHILDREN - DISTAL FEMUR, PROXIMAL TIB. ADULTS- PELVIS AND VERTEBRAE TX:HIGH DOSES OF ANTIBIOTICS, INFECTED EXTREMEITY IS IMMOBILIZED. TRACTION OR BED REST
OSTEOPOROSIS DEPLETES BONE MINERAL DENSITY WHICH MAY PREDISPOSE THE INDIVIDUAL TO FRACTURE. TX:PAIN MANAGMENT, POSTURAL REEDUCATION, GENERAL CONDITIONING, PECTORIAL STRETCHING, ABDOMINAL STREGTHENING.
PAGETS DISEASE (OSTEITIS DEFORMANS) METABOLIC BONE DISEASE. INTITAL PHASE OF EXCESSIVE BONE RESORPTION FOLLOWED BY REACTIVE PHASE OF EXCESSIVE ABNORMAL BONE FORMATION TX:ASYMPTOMATIC: TREATMENT NOT NEEDED SYMPTOMATIC: PATIENT WILL REQUIRE DRUG THERAPY
PATELLAFEMORAL DYSFUNCTION PATELLA FAILS TO TRACK PROPERLY IN THE TROCHLEAR GROOVE OF THE FEMUR . INSTABILITY OF PAIN USUALLY OCCCURS FIRST 30 DG OF KNEE FLEXION. STAIR CLIMBING, PROLONGED SITTING, SQUATTING/JUMOOING MAY AGGRAVATE THE CONDITION. TX:DD: Q ANGLE GREATER THAN 18 DG, P
PATELLA POSITION (PATELLA BAJA) LOWER THAN NORMAL PLACEMENT OF THE PATELLA TX: SUPERIOR GLIDE
PATELLA POSITION ( PATELLA ALTA) HIGHER PLACEMENT OF PATELLA THAN NORMAL " CAMEL SIIGN" . LES EFFICIENT IN EXERTING FORCES FOR KNEE EXTENSION, TX: INFERIOR GLIDE
PROGRESSIVE SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS (SCLERDERMA) CHRONIC DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY FIBROSIS AND CHANGES IN THE INERNAL ORGANS AND SKIN, FREQUENTLY ACCOMPANIED BY RYNAUDS PHENOMENON DD:POSITIVE RHEUMATOID FACTOR TEST. MULTIPLE SYTEM PROBLEMS IN THE SKIN, GI, CARDIO TX: MAINTIAN ROM, MEDS, STRENGTHENING
PRONATOR TERES SYNDROME DD/TX MEDIAN NERVE ENTRAPMENT IN THE PRONATOR TERES MUSCLE DD: PRONATOR TERES TEST SYNDROME; RESIST PRONATION AS THE Pt'S ELBOW IS EXTENDED FROM 90DG OF FLEX TOWRD FULL EXT. TX: MAUNUAL NERVE GLIDE, STRECTHING, US, AROM
RHEUMATIOD ARTHRITIS INFLAMMATORY DISEASE OF UNKOWN ETIOLOGY. SYSTEMIC PATTERN OF DYSFUNCTION IN SYNOVIAL TISSUES AND CARTILAGE OCCURS MOST OFTEN IN WOMEN ONSET 30'S 7 40'S DD:RULE OUT OTHER D
SCAPHOID FRACTURE (NAVICULAR) RESULT FroM FOOSH. HIGH RISK OF VASCULAR NECROSIS, DUE TO POOR VASCULAR SUPPLY DD: RADIOLOGICAL STUDIES TX: EARLY AROM OF DISTAL AND PRXIMAL JOINTS
SCOLIOSIS CAN BE CASUE BY STRUCTURAL ABNORMALITIES (LEG LENGTH, HERNIATED LUMBAR DISC)STRUCTURAL IS IRREVERSIBLE CURVATURE w/ ROTATION UPON FWD FLEXION; NONSTRUCTURAL IS REVERSABLE LATEREAL CURVE WITHOUT ROTATION THAT STRAIGHTENS AS SPINE FLEXES. DD: RADIOLOGIC
SJOGREN'S SYNDROME RHEUMATOID-LIKE DISORDER CHARACTERIZED BY DRYNESS OF THE MUCOS MEMBRANE, JOINT INFLAMMATION AND ANEMIA DD:DRYNESS OF THE EYES AND MOUTH WITH JOIN INFLAMMATION TX: SIPPINF FLUID THROUGH OUT THE DAY , CHEWING SUGARLESS GUM, REGUALR EXERCISE PROGRAM
SMITHS FRACTURE DISTAL FRACTURE OF THE RADIUS, WHICH DISOCATES IN THE VENTRAL DIRECTION. TX: CASTING ERARLY AROM AND PROM
SPRAIN AN INJURY TO A LIGAMENT OR JOINT CAPSULAES FROM OVERSTRESS THAT DAMAGES THE FIBERS PARTIALLY OR COMPLETE. TX: FIRST 48-72 HOURS SHOULD RECEIVE REST, ICE, COMPRESSION, ELEVATION
SPRAIN: 1ST DEGREE SOME OF THE FIBERS ARE TORN; SMALL AMOUNT OF HEMORRAGE IS PRESENT AND JOINT REMAIN STABLE. TX: PREVENT JOINT HYPOMOBILTY, MOVEMENTS WITH PAIN FREE AROM, MODALITIES TO DECREASE PAIN, REDUCE EDEMA, PROMOTE HEALING
SPRAIN 2ND DEGREE PORTION OF LIGAMENT OF JOINT CAPSULE IS TORN, MODERATE HEMORRHAGING JOINT STABILITY REMAIN INTACT. TX: GAURD AGAINST REINJURY WITH BRACING AND LIMITED WB. PAIN FREE AROM WITH PAs TO REDUCE PAIN & EDMA. AFTER 2WKS STRENGTHENING EXERC.
SPRAIN: 3RD DEGREE MAY REQUIRE SURGICAL REPAIR. TX: PAIN FREE AROM, ,JONIT MOBILIZATION, RICE, AFTER 2-3 WKS STRENGTHENING EXECISES TO REDUCE RE INJURY
SYSTEMIC LUPUS (SLE) CHRONIC SYSTEMIC RHEUMATIC, INFLAM. DISORDER OF CONN. TISSUE. AFFECTS MULT. ORGANS SKIN, JOINTS, KIDNEYS, HEART, NERV SYS. DD: MAIAISE, FATIGUE, FEVER, SKIN RASHES(BUTTERFLY RASH NOSE& CHEEKS)HAIR LOSS,KIDNEY. TX: SKIN CARE, ROM , ERGO POSTURAL TRAINING
TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT SYSNDROME (TMJ) 1. JOINT ABNORMALITES RESULT FROM TRAUMA, ARTHRIRTS, NEOPLASM 2. CONGENITAL STRUCTURAL DEFECTS. 3. LOSS OF FUNCTIONAL MOBILITY TX: PSOTURAL REEDUCATION, MODALITIES, BIOFEEDBACK, AROM, Pt ED FOR EATING, AND TONGUE POSITION
TMJ SYNOVITIS AND CAPSULITIS PAIN LOCATED IN PREAURICULAR AREA, UNABLE TO TO FULLY CLOSE BACK TEETH TOGETHER. OPENEING LESS THAN 40 MM SECONDARY TO PAIN, PAIN DECREASE WITH REST/
TMJ HPERMOBILITY "JAW FEELSLIKE ITS GOING OUT OF PLACE", REPORT JOINT NOISE, JAW CATCHING IN FULLY OPENED POSITION. MANDIBULAR DEPRESSION IS GREATHER THAN 40 MM AND DEVIATES TWD THE NON INVOVLED SIDE (CONTRALATERAL SIDE)
TMJ DISC DISPLACEMENT WITH REDUCTION JOINT NOSIES WITH OPENEING AND CLOSING EQUAL TO "CLICKS AND POPS"
TMJ DISC DISPLACEMENT WITH OUT REDUCTION INTERMITTENT LOCKING WITHOUT JOINT NOISES. OPENEING MANDIBLE IS LIMITED TO 20-25 MM WITH DEFLECTION TWD INVOVLVED SIDE . LIMITED LATERAL EXCURSION TWD THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE INVOLVED JOINT
TIBIAL FRACTURE (MARCH FRACTURE) INFERIOR THIRD OF THE TIBIA, COMMON IN PERSON WHO LIKE TO TAKE LONG WALKS WHEN NOT USED TO ACTIVITY
TIBIAL FX: (SPIRAL FRACTURE) OCCUR AT THE JUNCTION OF THE MIDDLE AND INFERIOR THIRDS RESULTING FROM SEVERE TIBIAL TORSION DURING SKIING
TIBIAL FX: COMPOUND FRACTURE OCCUR FROM DIRECT BLOW TO THE TIBIAL (BUMPER OF CAR STRIKES LEG) TX: LEG CASTING, POSSIBLE OPEN REDUCTION INTERNAL FIXATION WITH HARDWARE
TORTICOLLIS OCCURS WHEN scm MUSCLE CONTINOUSLY CONTRACTS. RESULTS IN THE LATERAL HEAD BENDING TO THE AFFECTED SIDE, WITH ROTATION OF THE IN TO THE OPPOSITE SIDE. TX: MODALITIES TO REDUCE MUSCLE SPASM, STRETCHING, BIOFEEDBACK, POSTURAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING.
TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT PRCAUTIONS NO HIP FLEX&ADD PAST NEUTRAL,AVOID ER WITH ANTEROLATERAL APPROACH, AVOID IR WITH POSTEROLATERAL APPROACH AVOID LOW SOFT CHAIRS. PT WILL NEED TO INCREASE HIP EXT & ABD STRENGTH FOR GAIT. CEMENTED, EXERCISE AND WB USUALLY HAPPEN SOONER THAN NONCEMENTED
Created by: krstuart
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