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Psychologists1

Psychologists and Their Contributions

QuestionAnswer
Max Wertheimer Gestalt psychology
William James Functionalism
John B. Watson Behaviorism; “Little Albert Study”; aversion therapy
Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic; dream analysis; free association; structure of personality; stages of development; defense mechanisms
Ivan Pavlov Classical conditioning; dogs (bells)
B.F. Skinner Operant conditioning; rats and pigeons; behaviorist
Carl Jung Collective unconscious; archetypes; psychoanalytic
Erik Erickson 1-bun, 2-shoe, etc. psycho-social development
Alfred Adler Inferiority complex, psychoanalytic
Jean Piaget Stages of cognitive development; cognitive theorist
Carl Rogers Client-centered; unconditional positive regard; transactional analysis
Abraham Maslow Hierarchy of needs; humanistic
Alfred Binet I.Q.
Konrad Lorenz “survival of the fittest” and imprinting
Created by: kctwirler1