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Ch. 9 Intelligence

Pychology Schacter Gilbert Wegner

Ratio IQ ratio IQ: A statistic obtained by dividing a person's mental age by the person's physical age and then multiplying the quotient by 100.
Deviation IQ deviation IQ: A statistic obtained by dividing a person's test score by the average test score of people in the same age group and then multiplying the quotient by 100
Factor Analysis factor analysis: A statistical technique that explains a large number of correlations in terms of a small number of underlying factors
2 Factor Theory of Intellegence two-factor theory of intelligence: Spearman's theory suggesting that every task requires a combination of a general ability (which he called g) and skills that are specific to the task (which he called s).
Fluid Intelligence fluid intelligence: The ability to process information
Crystallized Intelligence crystallized intelligence: The accuracy and amount of information available for processing
Prodigy prodigy: A person of normal intelligence who has an extraordinary ability
Savant savant: A person of low intelligence who has an extraordinary ability
Intelligence intelligence: A hypothetical mental ability that enables people to direct their thinking, adapt to their circumstances, and learn from their experiences.
Identical Twins identical twins: also called monozygotic twins ) Twins who develop from the splitting of a single egg that was fertilized by a single sperm
Fraternal fraternal twins: (also called dizygotic twins ) Twins who develop from two different eggs that were fertilized by two different sperm.
Heritability Coeffefficient heritability coefficient: A statistic (commonly denoted as h2) that describes the proportion of the difference between people's scores that can be explained by differences in their genetic makeup.
Shared Environment shared environment: Those environmental factors that are experienced by all relevant members of a household.
Non-Shared Environment nonshared environment: Those environmental factors that are not experienced by all relevant members of a household
Created by: chalonlauren
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