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Understanding Students with common disorders

Speech Disorder refers to difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality
Language disorder difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information
Receptive Language Disorder difficulty receiving or understanding information
Expressive language disorder difficulty formulating ides and information
Cleft or Plate lip a condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or lip
Dialect language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural factors
Speech The oral expression of language
Language Structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communication
Phonology the use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words
Phonemes distinct units of a sound
Morphology the system that governs the structure of words
Syntax provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
Semantics the meaning of what is expressed and has receptive and expressive components
Pragmatics Refers to the use of communication in contexts. the overall organizer for language
Social interaction Theories emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interaction
Articulation disorders one of the most frequent communication disorders in preschool and school-age children
Articulation Speakers production of individual or sequenced sounds
Substitutions "Doze" for "those" or "tat" for "cat"
Omissions when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word
Additions when students place a vowel between 2 consonants
Distortions modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word. a listener gets the sense that the sound is being produced but is distorted
Apraxia motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
Pitch affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larnyx, and location of it
Duration the length of time any speech sound requires
Intensity based on the perception of the listener and is determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds
Resonance the perceived quality of someone's voice
Hypernasality air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than /m/, /n/, and /ng/.
Hyponasality may sound as if they have a cold or are holding there nose as they are speaking. air passes through mouth rather than nose
Fluency rate and rhythm of speaking
Specific Language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability
Organic disorders those caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
Functional disorders those who with no identifiable organic or neurological cause
Congenital disorder a disorder that occurs at or before birth
Acquired Disorder A disorder that occurs well after birth
Bilingual uses two languages especially well
Bidialectical used two variations of a language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) effective instructional strategy that focuses on augmented input of language
Created by: mingle