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Grades 5 & 6 Grammar

Parts of Speech & More

Adverb describes a verb: answers the questions how, where, when; often ends in -ly girl runs quickly, the game is here, he often helps us
Noun names a person, place, or thing basketball player, gym, ball,
Common Noun names any person, place, or thing boy, store, ball
Proper Noun names a particular person, place or thing Bob, IGA, Nerf Football
Preposition shows how a noun or pronoun is related to other words in the sentence (think of a ball, where is it?) in, behind, below, under, inside, up, around, between, etc.
Prepositional Phrase group of words beginning with the preposition in the yard, behind the fence, below the deck, under the chair, etc.
Pronoun takes the place of a noun Example: she, he, they, it he, she, I, you, it, we, they, her,his, my, your, our, them, their
Verb shows action or being (a verb is what you do) Action Verbs: sings, runs, paints; Linking Verbs: is, was, am, are, were
Article a, an, & the use a if word starts with a consonant, -an if it begins with a vowel. --an apple, --a dog
Conjunction words that join words, phrases, or sentence parts and, or, for, but, because, so, yet either, both, whether, but, not, also, since, while, etc.
Clause group of words that contains a subject and a predicate. A clause may be either a sentence (independent clause) or a sentence-like construction included within another sentence (dependent clause). She is good at math [independent clause], because she practices her facts. [dependent clause]."
Declarative Sentence makes a statement; ends with a period. My dog ate my homework.
Interrogative Sentence asks a question Did you get your homework done?
Imperative Sentence gives a command or makes a request; usually ends in a period Do your homework. Come to our party!
Exclamatory Sentence expresses strong feeling Our team won the game! Help! I can't get out!
Compound Sentence contains 2 simple sentences joined by the word and, but, or or. Use a comma in a compound sentence before those words. The day was cool, and clouds drifted across the sun.
Subject part of the sentence that names something or someone; may be one word or many words The most common mistake-- Ocean water-- Tommy and I-- Jenny--
Predicate part of the sentence that tells what the subject is or does; may be one or many words. Ocean water--moves. Tommy and I--are in the same class. Jenny--got her work done.
Simple Subject the main word in the in the complete subject If there are 2 subjects joined by the word and, they make up a compound subject--they share the same predicate; Ex. Tommy and I--
Simple Predicate the main word or words in the complete predicate Many babies respond to music. (simple predicate is respond) Little babies can learn a lot. (simple predicate is can learn)
Interjection usually expresses emotion and is capable of standing alone Wow! Hurray! Yay! Bam!
Adjective describes a noun or a pronoun Example: wet grass, beautiful child, exciting game
Created by: ddoglio