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Speech disorder refers to difficulty producing sounds as was as disorders of voice quality or fluency of speech, offten reffered to as stuttering.
Language disorder difficulty recieving or understanding information.
expressive language disorder difficulty formulating ideas and information.
cleft palate or lip a condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip.
dialect a language variation that a group of indviduals uses and that relfects shard regional, social, or cultural factors.
Speech the oral expression of language
language a structred, shared rule-governed, symbolic system for communication.
phonology is the use of sounds to make meanigful syllables and words
Phonems sequencing of individual speech sounds
morphology system that governs the structre of words
morpheme the smallest unit of speech.
syntax rules for putting together a seris of words to form sentences
semantics the meaning of what is expressed
pragmatics use of communication in contexts
social interaction theories emphaize that communtication skills are learned through social interactions
articulation disorders one of the most frequent commuincation disorders in preschool and school-age children
articulation a speakers production of individual or sequence of sounds
substitutions using a different letter sound for a certain letter
omissions occurs when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word
additions occur when a child places a vowel between two consonants.
distortions modifications of the production phoneme in a word
apraxia motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
pitch affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx and the location of the laynx
duration length of time that any speech sound requires
intesity loudness or softness
resonacne perceived quality of someone's voice
hypernasality air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds
hyponasality air cannont pass through the nose and comes in through the mouth instead
sprecific language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability
fluency rate and rythm of speaking
organic disorders cause by an identifiable problem with the nueromuscular mechanisms of the person
functional disorders those with no identifiable organic or neruological cause
congenital disorder a disorder that occurs at or before brith
acquired disorder a disorder that occurs well after brith
oral motor exam an examination of the apperance, strengthm and range of motion of the lips, tounge, palate, teeth and jaw.
bilingual uses two languages equally well
bidialectal uses two variations of a language
system for augmenting language an instrucitonal startagy that has been effective
Created by: coreyjones86