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SPED Chapter 6 AP

Flashcards for SPED 326 Chapter 6 formative Assessment for Alyssa Passmore

cleft palette or lip a condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity or the upper lip
dialect language variation that a group of individuals uses and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors
speech is the oral expression of language. Occurs when a person produces sounds and syllables through a speech mechanism through coordinated effort
language is a structured, shared, rule-goverened, symbolic system for communicationg.
Nasal Cavity where air passes to make nasal phonemes (m,n,g)
Hard Palate needed to create certain phonemes
soft palate closes off nasal cavity so air cannot escape through the nose
tongue needed to shape oral cavity to make different sounds
larynx vocal chords within
lung provides breath support for speech
Phonoloy is the use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words, encompasses the rules and sequencing of indicidual speech sounds and how they are produced, depending on their placement in a syllable or word.
Morphology is the system that governs the structure of words.
morpheme smallest unit of speech, multiple morphemes allow denoting plurals, past tense, inflection, affixes,etc.
Syntax provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
Semantics refers to the meaning of what is expressed. development has both receptive and expressive components
Pragmatics refers to the use of communication in contexts, the overall organizer for language.
Social interaction theories emphasize that communicationg skills are learned through social interactions. Parents and caregivers teach language during their interactions. they hold that language development is the outcome of a child's drive for attachment with his or her world.
Articulation Disorders a type of speech disorder, one of the most frequent commincation disorders in presschol and school age children. Disorder occurs when the child cannot corerctly produce the various sounds and sound combinations of speech
Articulation is a speaker's profuction of indicidual or sequenced sounds.
Substitutions common articulation error, when a child substitutes /d/ for the voiced /th/, "tat" for "cat", "wabbit" for "rabbit" It is common for young children to make sound substitutions that disappear with maturation
Omissions another articulation error occur when a child leaves a phoneme out of a word. Children often omit sounds from consonant pairs "boo" for "blue"
Additions another form of articulation error, occurs when students place a vowel between two consonants , converting "tree" into "tahree"
Distortions are modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word; a listener gets the sense that the osund is being produced, but it seems distorted. Common distortions, called lisps, include "s" for "z"
Apraxia is a motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech, can be aquired as a result of traume, can occur early in isolation.
Pitch is affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds, the health of the larynx, and the location of the larynx
Duration voice disorder based on the length of time any speech sound requires
Intensity (loudness or softness) voice disorder is based on the perception of the listener and is determined by the air pressure coming from the lungs through the vocal folds.
Resonance voice disorder, the perceived quality of someone's voice, is determined by the way in which the tone coming from the vocal folds is modified by the spaces of the throat, moutha nd nose.
Hypernasality voice disorder in which air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds other than m , n , and ng.
Hyponasality because air cannot pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead
fluency fluency disorder that suggests rate and rhythm of speaking.
specific language impairment language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability.
organic disorders those caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
functional disorders those with no identifiable organic or neurological cause
congenital disorder disorder occurs at or before birth
acquired disorder disorder occurs well after birth
Speech assessments determine the presence of articulation, voice, or fluency problems
bilingual uses two languages equally well
bidialectal uses two variations of language
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) SAL focuses on augmented input of language. Comminication partners augment their speech by avtivating the student's communication device in naturally occurring communication interactions at home and school.
Created by: apassmore