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Music App. Test #1

Basics of music/terms

The relative highness or lowness we hear in a sound Pitch
4 main properties of musical sounds Pitch, Dynamics, tone color, duration
A regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time. Beat
The organization of beats into regular groups Meter
A set of five horizonal lines Staff
This shows the meter of a piece Time signature
A series of single white notes that add up to a recognizeable whole. Melody
A combination of three or more tones sounded at once Chord
Indicates the key the music is to be played in Key signature
A shift from one key to another within the same piece Modulation
The three basic musical textures are... Monophonic, Homophonic, and Polyphonic
The organization of musical elements in time Form
A characteristic way of treating ythe various musical elements Style
What are the six broad categories of western music? String, Woodwind, Brass, Percussion, Keyboard, and Electronic
Name some examples of instuments in the string category: guitar,violin
Name some examples of instuments in the woodwind category: flute, clarinet
Name some examples of instuments in the brass category: trumpet, trombone
Name some examples of instuments in the percussion category: bass drum, cymbals
Name some examples of instuments in the keyboard category: organ , piano
Name some examples of instuments in the electronic category: synthesizer
Vibrations that are transmitted, usually through the air, to the eardrum, which sends impulses to the brain Sound
The relative highness or lowness of a sound Pitch
Sound that has a definite pitch or frequency Tone
Interval between two tones in which the higher tone has twice the frequency of the lower one Octave
"Distance" in pitch between any two tones interval
Degrees of loudness or softness in music Dynamics
Emphasis of a note which may result from its being louder, longer or higher in pitch than the notes near it Accent
Quality of a sound that distinguishes one instrament or voice from another. Tone Color (timbre)
Describe tone color Bright, Dark, Brilliant, Mellow, Rich
Regular, recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time Beat
Pattern of two beats to the measure Duple meter
Organization of beats into regular groups Meter
Rhythmic group set off by bar linees containing a fixed number of beats Measure
Aparatus that produces ticking sounds or flashes of light at any desired constant speed Metronome
Pattern of 4 beats to the measure Quadruple meter
Ordered flow of music through time; the pattern of duration of notes and silences in music Rhythm
Accenting of a note an unexpected time, as between two beats or on a weak beat. Syncopation
Basic pace of the music Tempo
Pattern of 3 beats to the measure Triple meter
In notation of rhythm, an arc between two notes of the same pitch indicating that the second note should not be played but should be added to the duration of the first Tie
Two numbers, one above the other, appearing at the begining of a staff or the start of a piece, indicating the meter of the piece Time signature
Vertical line on a note indicating how long that note is to be held relative to the notes around it. Stem
in notation, a set of five horizontal lines between or on which notes are positioned Staff
`in notation of rhythm, a symbol to indicate the duration of silence in the music Rest
In notation, a black or white oval to which a stem and flags can be added Note
A system of writing down music so that specific pitches and rhythms can be communicated Notation
Note with a dot to the right of it that increases the note's undotted duration by half Dotted note
Symbol placed at the begining of the staff to show the exact pitch of notes placed on each line and space Clef
Horizontal line connecting the flags of several eigth notes or 16th notes in succession to facilitate reading these notes Beam
Series of single tones that add up to the recognizeable whole Melody
Interval between to adjacent tones in the scale Step
Interval larger than that between two adjacent tones in the scale Leap
Smooth, connected manner of performing a melody Legato
Short, detached manner of performing a melody Staccato
In a melody, the immediate repetition of a melodic pattern on a higher or lower pitch Sequence
Part of a melody Phrase
REsting place at the end of a phrase in a melody or progression giving a sense of conclusion often from the dominant chord to the tonic chord Cadence
Harmony How chords are constructed and how they follow each other
Tone combination that is stable and restful Consonance
Combination of 3 or more tones sounded at once Chord
Tone combination that is unstable and tense Dissonance
Progression from a dissonance to a consonance Resolution
Most basic of chords, consisting of 3 alternate tones of the scale such as do,mi, sol Triad
Triad built on the first, or tonic, note of the scale, seerving as the main chord of the piece and usually begining and ending it. Tonic chord
Central key of a piece of music usually begining and ending a piece regardless of how many other keys are included Tonic key
(key) or central note, scale, and chord within a piece in relationship to all other tones that are heard Tonality
Scale including all twelve tones of the octave: each tone is a half step away from the next one Chromatic scale
Triad built on the 5th note of a scale which sets up tension that is resolved by the tonic chord Dominant chord
(broken chord) sounding of the individual tones of a chord in sequence rather than simultaneously Arpeggio
Smallest interval traditional used in western music, for example the interval between ti and do. Half step
Interval twicwe as large as the half step: for example the interval between do and re Whole step
Performance of a single melodic line by more than one instrument or voice at the same pitch or in different octaves Unison
performance of two or more melodic lines of relatively equal interest at the same time Polyphonic
Single melodic line without accompaniment Monophonic
Term defining music in which one main chord is accompanied by chords homophonic
Presentation of a melodic idea by one voice or instrument that is immediately follolwed by its restatement by another voice or instrument as in a round Imitation
Techique of combining two or more melodic lines into a meaningful whole Counterpoint
Striking differences of pitch, dynamics, rhythm, and tempo that provide variety and change ofg mood Contrast
Reiteration of a motive or phrase used to create a sense of unity Repitition
Three part form ABA
Two part form AB
Changing some features of a musical idea while retaining others Variation
Created by: schonscd
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