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Sound and Syntax

Poetry Terms

One foot per line of poetry Monometer
Two feet per line of poetry Dimeter
Three feet per line of poetry Trimeter
Four feet per line of poetry Tetrameter
Five feet per line of poetry Pentameter
Omission of conjunctions Asyndeton
The repetition of vowel sounds in nearby words. Can be in many parts of the words not just the end. Assonance
The use of MANY conjunctions in close succession. Polysyndeton
words that imitates or mimicks the sounds they represent Onomatopoeia
Two or more words with the same beginning sound: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers Alliteration
“Be near me when my light is low, When the BLOOD CREEPS and the NERVES PRICK.” This represents Spondee because “blood creeps” and “nerves prick” are both stressed syllables right next to each other, throwing off the original trochaic foot.
Examples if this term include rhymes of "strong and string" and "dress and boss" This term is consonance due to the similar consonant sounds at the ends of the words
A pleasing sound; words that fit together to make sounds that are pleasing to the ear. Euphony
What type of poetry has a rhythm but does not rhyme? Blank Verse
A metric foot consisting of two unstressed syllables. Pyrrhic
The use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. Cacophony
Giving two or more parts of a sentence a similar form to give it a pattern. Parallelism
The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of consecutive clauses Anaphora
When the second part of a sentence is balanced against the first by a reversal of structure Chiasmus
Six feet per line of poetry Hexameter
Seven feet per line of poetry Heptameter
Eight feet per line of poetry Octameter
A metric foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable Trochee
A metric foot consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable Iamb
A metric foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables Dactyl
A metric foot consisting of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable Anapest
The omission of a final syllable in a rhythmic line Catalexis
The rhythm of language usually expressable in the identifaction of a particular type of foot and the number per line Meter
Developed from ritualistic chanting of myths and has traditionally been grouped into two poetic categories, epics and ballads. a poem that was originally sung or recited with a musical instrument called a lyre. Narrative vs Lyric poetry
 Figure of repetition that occurs when the first word or set of words in one sentence, clause, or phrase is/are repeated at or very near the beginning of successive sentences, clauses, or phrases Anaphora
A question asked without expecting an answer but for the sake of emphasis or effect. Rhetorical Question
The man was tall; his head reached the ceiling, his legs were impossibly long, and he towered over every basketball player in the room. Amplification- Descriptive expansion on a previously mentioned idea in order to provide clarity.
Identify the rhetorical device used in the following sentence: We talked and laughed and sang and danced together. Polysyndeton - the use of a conjunction between each word, phrase, or clause to create emphasis or a feeling of multiplicity. (Sarah Mace)
The teacher told her students that they need to turn their work in on time, that they need to work hard, and that they need to participate in class. Parallelism- The similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses. (katie midkiff)
Boom, boom, boom! The thunder rolled across the sky, accompanied by by flashes of lightning and the clatter of raindrops falling on the roof. Onomatopoeia - A word used to simulate the sound it references. Ex: "Boom" and "Clatter" (This is from Stuart)
"(And the) white beast (of the) dim sea," -William Butler Yeates Pyrrhic
Ex: So class, what are going to learn about today? Literary Terms! Hypophora - A figure of speech in which the speaker poses a question and then provides a answer immediately following the question. -Ebony Phillips
“’It be all fool-talk, lock, stock, and barrel; that’s what it be, an’ nowt else. These bans an’ wafts an’ boh-ghosts an’ bar-guests an’ bogles an’ all ament them is only fit to set bairns an’ dizzy women a-belderin’,” (Stoker 80). Cacophony: The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. By: Jacob Metzger
" I hate this song! Hearing it on the radio just makes me want to....." aposiopesis - A sudden breaking off of a thought in the middle of a sentence, as though the speaker were unwilling or unable to continue.
Assonance- the repetition in two or more words of a vowel sound in a phrase or line. What is this an example of? “Hear the mellow wedding bells, Golden bells!”
Asyndeton-purposefully excluding conjunctions. Ex: He was tough, he was strong, he was mean.
"Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness." What is this an example of? (hint: focus on the sounds and feeling of the words) Euphony! It represents Euphony because the words in the phrase have a pleasant spoken sound that are made of smooth consonants. (JOSH RUSE)
"Foul is Fair and Fair is Foul" (Macbeth) Card By Eric Brehob What is this an example of? Chiasmus Due to inverted parallelism Card by Eric Brehob
Two or more words with the same sound at the beginning of the words: "Suzy sells sea shells on the sea shore" (Kim Phillips) Alliteration
Created by: PiontekAPLIT
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