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Ch. 6- vocab

Communication Disorders highlighted vocabulary

Speech Disorder Disorders of voice quality, fluency of speech, and difficulties producing sounds.
Language Disorder Includes difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information.
Receptive Language Disorder Difficulties in receiving or understanding information.
Expressive Language Disorder Difficulties formulating ideas and information
Cleft Palate/lip A condition in which a person has a split in the upper part of the oral cavity/upper lip
Dialect Language variation that a group of people uses. Reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors.
Speech Oral expression of language
Language Structured, shared, rule-governed symbolic system for communication.
Phonology Use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words
Phonemes Individual speech sounds
Morphology System that governs the structure of words
Morpheme smallest meaningful unit of speech
Syntax Rules for putting words together to form sentences
Semantics Meaning of what is expressed
Pragmatics Use of communication in contexts
Social Interaction Theories State that communication skills are learned through social interactions
Articulation Speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds
Omissions Leaving a phoneme out of a word
Additions When an extra vowel is placed between two consonants (tree, tehree)
Distortions Modifications of the production of a phoneme in a word
Pitch Affected by tension and size of vocal folds, health of larynx, and location of larynx
Duration Length of time any speech sound requires
Intensity Determined by air pressure coming from lungs through vocal folds
Resonance Perceived quality of someone's voice
Hypernasality Air passes through the nasal cavity on words other than m, n, and ng
Hyponasality Air can't pass through nasal cavity and comes out mouth instead
Specific language impairment type of language disability
Organic disorders Ones caused by identifiable problem in neuromuscular mechanism of the person
Functional disorders No identifiable organic or neurological cause
Congenital disorder occurs at or before birth
Acquired disorder happens after birth
Oral motor exam examination of appearance, strength and range of motion of lips, tongue, palate, teeth and jaw
Bilingual uses 2 languages equally well
Bidialectal uses 2 variations of a language, or whose primary language is difficult to determine
System for Augmenting Language (SAL) instructional strategy that focuses on augmented input of language.
Created by: lpfann
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