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GMI CHAPTER 4

QuestionAnswer
abnormal irregular
adrenal glands glands found in the endocrine system located above the kidneys. They produce hormones adrenalin and hydrocortisione
analysis seperating a substance into its component parts.
anemia deficiency of hemoglobin in the blood
antepartum before birth
antibiotic pertaining to a substance that works against germ of bacterial life
antibody a substance that works against germ. They are produced by white blood cells when germs enter the blood stream.
antigen a foreign substance, such as bacteria or virus
aphasia unable to speak
apnea difficulty breathing
atrophy decrease in size of cells within an organ
benign noncancerous
bilateral on both sides
bradycardia pertaining to low heart beat or heart rate
congenital anomaly birth defect
dialysis seperation of waste completly
diarrhea complete removal of watery waste from the colon
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
dysplasia abnormal development in organs
dyspnea difficulty breathing assoicated with pain
dysuria painul, burning sensation during urination
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy that takes place on top of the fallopian tubes; in a place outside of the uterus
endocrine glands glands that secreat hormones
endoscopy viewing within an organ using a scope
epidural hematoma a mass of blood above the membrane surrounding the brain
excision cutting out of a part of the body
extrahepatic pertaining to the outside of the body
hemigastrectomy removal of half the stomach
hemiplegia paralysis of half the body on one side
hyperglycemia pertaining to excessive amounts of sugar in the blood; high blood sugar
hypertension high blood pressure
hyperthyroidism pertaining to the excessive amout of activity of the thyroid
hypertrophy overgrowth of of an organ or part of the body as a result of an increase i size of individual cells.
hypoglycemia low blood sugar
incision cutting into
intervertebral pertaining to the within the back bones
intrauterine within the uterus
intravenous pertaining to within the veins
malignant cancerous
metacarpal beyond the wrist bones
metastasis condition of spreading of cancer
neonatal pertaing to new birth
neoplastic pertaining to new growth
paralysis loss of movement of an extremity or part of a body
paraplegia paralysis of half the body; upper or lower sections
parathyroid glands 4 glands found imbedded in the thyroid glands that help maintain proper calcium levels in the bones and blood
perianal surrounding the anus
periosteum pertaining to the membranes that surround the bones
polydipsia excessive thirst
polyneuropathy disease of many nerves
polyuria excessive urination
postmortem after death
postpartem after birth
precancerous conditon before cancer
prolapse sliding forward
prosthesis replacement of body part
quadriplegia paralysis of 4 all sections of the body from the neck down
relapse return of desease aftr its apperent termination
remission lessening of symptoms of a disease
resection removal of a organ or structure
retroperitoneal pertaining to the back of the peritoneum
subcostal pertainging to below the ribss
subcutaneous under the skin
subscapular pertaining to under the shoulder
subtotal just under the total amount
syndrome set of signs and symptons that diagnos a certain disease
tachycardia pertaining to fast heart rate
tachypnea pertaining to fast breathing
transabdominal across the abdomen
transurethral across the urethra
tricuspid valve fold of tissue between the upper and lower chambers on the right side of the heart. It has three cusps or points an d prcvents backflow of blood into thr ritht atrium when the heart is pumping blood.
ultrasonography recording of internal body stuctures with sound waves.
unilateral pertaining to one side
urinalysis examining of urine to determine its contents
subdural hematoma collection of blood under the dura mater
Created by: jcrew0319