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GB-GEN

Generation Notes

QuestionAnswer
What was the first language of the First Generation Computers? Binary Number System
what was the first First Generation Computer? ABC: Atanasoff-Berry Computer (First Electronic Computer)
what was an accomplishment of the ENIAC? Given a problem that took a team of mathematicians three days to solve-it took 20 seconds.
the stored program included? CPU (Central Processing Unit)EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer)EDSAC (Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Computer)
what was the EDVAC& EDSAC good for?  Designed to solve many different problems by simply entering new instructions that were stored on paper tape.
what were the advantages of the Second Generation Computers? SmallerLess ExpensiveCalculating speeds up to 10,000 calculations per second
the Transitor was built in? 1947
what was the Model 650? First medium-sized computerDisadvantage- ExpensiveAdvantage-Smaller & Capable of handling a flood of paperwork
what were some Other characteristics of 2nd generation computers? A change in the data was storedReplaced cards were replaced by magnetic tape and high speed reel-to reel tape machines.More widely used by business people.
what were good about Magnetic Tapes? Ability to read (access) data quickly and reliablyAbility to write (store) date quickly and reliably
what are the types of Promgramming Languages? FORTRAN COBAL BASIC
what are IC's? IC’s are silicon wafer with intricate circuits etched into their surfaces and coated with a metallic oxide that fills in the etched circuit patterns. Also known as the chip.
what is the IBM 360? In 1964, this computer was one of the first computers to use integrated circuits
Advantages of the IBM 360? Popular among businesses Smaller size Less expensive
what is the Mainframe? This is a large computer system that is usually used for multi-user applications
what year was the IBM 360 was built? 1964
what is a Microprocessor? Made possible to build a computer known as microcomputer. (fits on a desktop)
who invented it? Invented by Marcian Hoff in 1970
what are the computers called we use today? PC
who built the first Apple? Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs designed and built the first Apple computer
Created by: EM10
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