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Generation Notes

What was the first electronic computer? ABC (Atanasoff Berry Computer)
What kind of number system did the ABC use? Binary
What machine was created to calculate the trajectory of atrillery shells? ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integration and Calculator)
What is the CPU? Central Processing Unit
What computer was built by Mauchly and Eckert and first sold to the U.S Census in 1951? UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer)
What is a disadvantage of the first generation computers? Many vaccum tubes
What is an advantage of the Transitor? It was smaller
What is a disadvantage of the Model 650? It is expensive
What does FORTRAN stand for? FORmula TRANslator
What was designed by Grace Murray Hopper, a commodore in the navy? COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language)
What was one of the first medium sized computers, built in the early 1960's? The Model 650
What were punch cards replaced with? Magnetic tape
What computer burned holes in sheets of paper to store numbers for calculations? ABC
What were the calculations displayed on in the ABC? An odometer type device
What was the machine language that represented te status of a switch? 0s and 1s
What calculator took a team of mathematicians three days to solve, now took 20 seconds? ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integration and Calculator)
What computer was also known as the "Universal Machine?" The Stored Program Computer
What computer was first sold to the U.S Census Bureau in 1951? UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer)
What computer had the ability to read(access) and the ability to write(store) data quickly and reliably? The Model 650
What are the three high level programming languages? FORTRAN, COBOL, and Basic
Which of the three level programming languages evolved to visual basic and is widely used today for Windows programming? Basic
Created by: amc11