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CB- GEN

Generation notes

QuestionAnswer
John Atanasoff and Clifford Berry what did they create? ABC: Atanasoff-Berry Computer
What did the ABC consist of? Contained hundreds of vacuum tubes
John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert what did they create ? ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integration and Calculator
what was the purpose and accomplushment of the ENIAC ? Purpose: To calculate the trajectory of artillery shells• Accomplishment: Given a problem that took a team of mathematicians three days to solve-it took 20 seconds
Alan Turing and John von Neumann what did they create? The Stored Program Computer
what is a program? A list of instructions written in a special language that the computer understands
What was another name for the Stored Program Computer? Universal Machine
what is the CPU, EDVAC, EDSAV? Central Processing Unit,Electronic Discrete Variable automatic Computer,Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Computer
Mauchly, Eckert, and von Neumann what did they create and build ? EDVAC and EDSAC
Mauchly and Eckert what did they build ? UNIVAX: Universal automatic Computer
what was a disadvantage of the first generation computers? Many vacuum tubes, very expensive.
who invented the vaccume tubes ? William DeForest
William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brittain of Bell Laboratories what did they create? the transitor in 1947
what were the advantages and disadvantages of the Model 650 d- expensive, a- could handle alot of paperwork and smaller
what were punch card replaced by? magnetic tape and high speed reel-to reel tape machines
1957, John Backus did what? he and his team completed a programming language
what were the different types of programming languages? Fortran, COBOL, Basic
Who developed Basic? John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz at Dartmouth University
who invented the integrated chip? jack Kilby and Robert noyce
IBM System 360 what was it first to do ? first computers to use integrated circuits
what was one of the first mainframes? IBM system 360
who invented the Microprocessor Marcian Hoff
what did building the microprocessor make possible to build? the Microcomputer
what was the first microcomputer? altair
who invented the first apple computer? Stephen Wozniak and Steven Jobs
who was the founder of microsoft ? bill gates
Created by: gg10
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