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Procedural Terms

Procedural Terms - Respiratory

TermDefinition
bronchogram x-ray image of the bronchi
bronchography process of x-ray imaging the bronchi
bronchoscope instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi
bronchoscope visual examination of the bronchi
endoscope instrument used for visual examination within a hollow organ or body cavity
endoscopic pertaining to visual examination of a hollow organ or body cavity
endoscopy visual examination of a hollow organ or body cavity
laryngoscope instrument used for visual examination of the larynx
laryngoscopy visual examination of the larynx
thoracoscope instrument used for visual examination of the thorax
thoracoscopy visual examination of the thorax
oximeter instrument used to measure oxygen percentage in the blood stream
spirometer instrument used to measure breathing or lung volume
polysomnography(PSG) process of recording many (tests) during sleep to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea
chest CT (computed tomography) scan computerized images of the chest reproduced in sections sliced from front to back horizontally. Used to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusion
chest x-ray (CXR) an x-ray image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart
ventilation-perfusion scanning (VPS) a nuclear medicine procedure used to diagnose pulmonary embolism and other condition (lung scan)
acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear a test done on sputum to determine the presence of acid-fast bacilli, which causes tuberculosis
arterial blood gases (ABGs) a test done on arterial blood to determine levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other gases present
pulmonary function test (PFTs) a group of tests performed on breathing to determine respiratory function or abnormalities
pulse oximetry a noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip
PPD skin test a test done on individuals who have recently been exposed to tuberculosis.
spirometry a measurment of breathing (or lung volumes)
ANOXIA Absence of oxygen.
3.ANTIHISTAMINE A drug that opposes the action of of histamine.
ANTROTOMY Cutting through an antral wall.
ATELECTASIS Acollapse or airless condition of the lungs.
BRONCHODILATOR A drug that expands the bronchi by relaxing bronchial muscle.
CHEYNE-STOKES A breathing pattern marked by a period of apnea lasting 10 to 60 sec. followed by gradually increasing depht and frequency of respirations (hyperventilation)
DIFFUSION The tendency of molecules of a substance (gaseous, liquid, or solid) to move from high to lower concentration
EPISTAXIS Hemorrhage from the nose; nosebleed.
EXPECTORANT An agent such as guaifenesin, that promotes the clearance of mucus from the respiratory tract.
HYPOSTATIC PNEUMONIA Occurs in elderly or bed-ridden patients who remain constantly in the same position.
ANOXIA Absence of oxygen.
ANTIHISTAMINE A drug that opposes the action of of histamine.
ANTROTOMY Cutting through an antral wall.
ATELECTASIS Acollapse or airless condition of the lungs.
BRONCHODILATOR A drug that expands the bronchi by relaxing bronchial muscle.
CHEYNE-STOKES A breathing pattern marked by a period of apnea lasting 10 to 60 sec. followed by gradually increasing depht and frequency of respirations (hyperventilation)
DIFFUSION The tendency of molecules of a substance (gaseous, liquid, or solid) to move from high to lower concentration
EPISTAXIS Hemorrhage from the nose; nosebleed.
EXPECTORANT An agent such as guaifenesin, that promotes the clearance of mucus from the respiratory tract, by upsetting the stomach, which triggers the lungs to become wet.
HYPOSTATIC PNEUMONIA Occurs in elderly or bed-ridden patients who remain constantly in the same position.
MEDIASTINUM A septum or cavity between the two principal portions of an organ. Mass of organs and tissues separating the lungs.
ORTHOPNEA Labored breathing that occurs when lying flat and is relieved by sitting up. This is one of the classic symptoms for left ventricular heart failure.
RALES Crackle. An adventitious lung sound heard on oscultation of the chest , produced by air passing over retained airway secretions.
SUFFOCATION Deprivation of air exchange that produces an intense sensation of air hunger.
SURFACTANT A surface-active agent that lowers surface tension (e.g., oils and various forms of detergents).
TRACHEOSTOMY The surgical opening the trachea to provide and secure an open airway. (Performed in emergency situations when there is an upper respiratory obstruction).
Created by: ihavekids