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RT Pathology

Chap 1

QuestionAnswer
Acute Having a quick onset or lasting a short period of time with
Asymptomatic Showing or causing no identifiable symptoms
Atrophy Reduce the size or wasting cells, tissues, or organs
Autoantibodies Antibody acting against its own tissue or organism
Autoimmune Disorders Disease that antibodies forms against and injure the patient own tissues
Benign neoplasm Localized and generally noninvasive lesion
Carcinoma A malignant growth composed of epithelial cells that tends to invade surrounding tissues and gives rise to metastases
Chronic Presenting slowly and persisting over a long period of time
Congenital Existing at and usually before birth and resulting from genetic or environmental factors
Degenerative The deterioration of the body usually associated with the aging process
Diagnosis name of a disease
Disease Any abnormal disturbance of the normal function or structure of a body part, organ or system
Dysplasia Having trouble swallowing
Epidemiology Study of disease in large groups
Etiology Study of the cause and origin of disease
Hematogenous Spread Spread via the blood
Hereditary Genetically transferred from either parent to child and derived from ancestors
Hyperplasia An overdevelopment
Hypertrophy Increase of cell and tissue resulting from increase organ size without a tumor shown
Iatrogenic Pertains to any adverse condition that occurs in a patient as a result of medical treatment
Idiopathic Having no identifiable causative factor
Incidence A statistical measure that refers to the number of new cases of a disease found in a given period
Infection Inflammatory process caused by exposure to some disease causing organism
Inflammatory The body process of destroying, diluting or walling of a localized injurious agent
Lesion General term used to describe the various types of cellular change that can occur in response to a disease
Leukemia A malignant disease of the leukocytes and their precursor cells in the blood and bone marrow
Lymphatic spread Spread via the lympathic system
Lymphoma Neoplastic growth in the lymphatic system
Malignant neoplasm Refer to lesion that grows, spreads, and invades other tissues
Manifestations Observable changes resulting from cellular changes in the disease process
Metabolism Pertaining to the normal physiologic function of the body
Metaphase Conversion of a special type of tissue into a different kind of tissue
Metastatic spread Spread of cancer cell
Morbidity rate Incidences in the population of illness sufficient to interfere with an individual’s normal daily routine
Mortality Rate The number of death from a disease averaged over a population
Neoplastic Pertaining to new or abnormal tissue growth
Nosocomial Diseases that came from in or from the hospital
Pathogenesis Development of disease
Prevalence A statistical measure that refers to the number of cases of a disease found in a given population
Prognosis Prediction of course and outcome for a given disease
Sarcoma A type of tumor often highly malignant, composed of a substance like embryonic connective tissue
Seeding Traveling of cancerous cells to a distant sites or distant organ
Sequelae Condition resulting from a disease
Sign Objective
Symptom Subjective evidences of a disease
Syndrome A group of signs and symptoms that occur together of a specific abnormality
Traumatic Pertaining to the effect of a wound or injury, whether physical or psychic
Virulence The ease with which an organism overcomes body defenses
Created by: khmerluva781