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Apologia Phys Sci Module 5

Adiabatic cooling The cooling of a gas that happens when the gas expands with no way of getting more energy
Cloud condensation nuclei Small airborne particles on which water vapor condenses to form clouds.
Condensation The process by which a gas turns into a liquid
Distillation Evaporation and condensation of a mixture to separate out the mixture’s individual components
Firn A dense icy pack of old snow
Hydrosphere The sum of all water on a planet
Hydrological Cycle The process by which water is continuously exchanged between earth’s various water sources.
Percolation The process by which water moves downward in the soil toward the water table
Precipitation Water falling from the atmosphere as rain, snow, sleet or hail
Residence time The average time a given particle will stay in a given system
Salinity A measure of the mass of dissolved salt in a given mass of water
Transpiration Evaporation of water from plants
Water table The line between the water saturated soil and the soil that is not saturated with water
The vast majority of water on the earth is _____________, since more than 97% of earth's water supply is in the oceans. saltwater
The largest source of freshwater on the planet is the__________________ glaciers and icebergs
The largest source of liquid freshwater is groundwater
Water can enter the atmosphere through evaporation and transpiration