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Galen Pharm Lou 03

Galen Pharmacology Medication Quiz Unit III

Brand NameGeneric NameClassificationAdverse Reactions 1Adverse Reactions 2
Dobutrex dobutamine Adrenergic# Vasopressor effect (shock, severe hypotension, cardiac arrest), allergic reactions (anaphylactic), respiratory distress, nasal congestion (topical formation), vasoconstriction in adjunct to local anesthetics# Headache, N, ↑ HR, ↑ SBP, palpitations, anginal and non specific chest pain#
dopamine Adrenergic# Vasopressor effect (shock, severe hypotension, cardiac arrest), allergic reactions (anaphylactic), respiratory distress, nasal congestion (topical formation), vasoconstriction in adjunct to local anesthetics# N/V, ectopic beats, tachycardia, anginal pain, palpitations, hypotension, dyspnea#
EpiPen epinephrine Adrenergic# Vasopressor effect (shock, severe hypotension, cardiac arrest), allergic reactions (anaphylactic), respiratory distress, nasal congestion (topical formation), vasoconstriction in adjunct to local anesthetics# Anxiety, restlessness, headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, N, dysuria, pallor#
Levophed norepinephrine Adrenergic# Vasopressor effect (shock, severe hypotension, cardiac arrest), allergic reactions (anaphylactic), respiratory distress, nasal congestion (topical formation), vasoconstriction in adjunct to local anesthetics# Restlessness, headache, dizziness, bradycardia, HTN#
Tenormin atenolol β-Adrenergic Blocking# HTN, angina, acute MI# Bradycardia, dizziness, fatigue, weakness, hypotension, N/V/D, and nervousness#
Zebeta bisoprolol β-Adrenergic Blocking# HTN# Bradycardia, dizziness, weakness, hypotension, N/V/D, nervousness#
Brevibloc esmolol β-Adrenergic Blocking# HTN, cardiac arrhythmia, migraines, angina pectoris, glaucoma# Hypotension, weakness, lightheadedness, urinary retention#
Lopressor metoprolol β-Adrenergic Blocking# HTN, cardiac arrhythmia, migraines, angina pectoris, glaucoma# Dizziness, hypotension, HF, cardiac arrhythmia, N/V/D#
Inderal propranolol# β-Adrenergic Blocking# HTN, cardiac arrhythmia, migraines, angina pectoris, glaucoma# Bradycardia, dizziness, hypotension, N/V/D, bronchospasm, hyperglycemia, pulmonary edema#
Timoptic (ophthalmic) timolol# Topical Preparations# HTN, cardiac arrhythmia, migraines, angina pectoris, glaucoma# Ocular irritation, tearing#
Cardura doxazosin# Antiadrenergic-Peripherally Acting# BPH, HTN# Headache, dizziness, fatigue#
Minipress prazosin# Antiadrenergic-Peripherally Acting# HTN# dizziness, postural hypotension, drowsiness, headache, loss of strength, palpitation, N#
Flomax tamsulosin# Antiadrenergic-Peripherally Acting# BPH# Headache, ejaculatory dysfunction, dizziness, rhinitis#
Hytrin terazosin# Antiadrenergic-Peripherally Acting# BPH, HTN# Dizziness, postural hypotension, headache, dyspnea, nasal congestion#
Catapres clonidine# Antiadrenergic-Centrally Acting# Pain, HTN# Drowsiness, dizziness, sedation, dry mouth, constipation, syncope, dreams, rash#
Aldomet methyldopa# Antiadrenergic-Centrally Acting# HTN# Bradycardia, aggravation of angina pectoris, heart failure, sedation, headache, rash, N/V, nasal congestion#
codeine sulfate# Antitussives-Opioid# Non-productive cough# Sedation, dizziness, lightheadedness#
Tessalon Perles benzonatate# Antitussives-Non-opioid# Symptomatic relief of cough# Sedation, dizziness, lightheadedness#
Robitussin dextromethorphan# Antitussives-Non-opioid# Symptomatic relief of cough# Sedation, dizziness, lightheadedness#
Mucomyst acetylcysteine# Mucolytics# Bronchopulmonary infections and complications, atelectasis, acetaminophen overdose# Stomatitis, N/V, fever, drowsiness, bronchospasm, irritation of the trachea and bronchi#
Humabid guaifenesin# Expectorants# Bronchopulmonary infections/complications, atelectasis, acetaminophen overdose# N/V, dizziness, headache, rash#
Benadryl diphenhydramine# First-generation Antihistamines# Seasonal/perennial allergies, drug allergies, parkinsonism, N/V, sedation, motion sickness# Drowsiness, sedation, anticholinergic effects, thickened secretions#
Vistaril hydroxyzine# Antihistamines# Seasonal/perennial allergies, drug allergies, parkinsonism, N/V, sedation, motion sickness# Drowsiness, sedation, anticholinergic effects, thickened secretions#
Phenergan promethazine# First-generation Antihistamines# Seasonal/perennial allergies, drug allergies, parkinsonism, N/V, sedation, motion sickness# Drowsiness, sedation, anticholinergic effects, thickened secretions#
Zyrtec ceterizine# Second-generation Antihistamines# Seasonal/perennial allergies, drug allergies, parkinsonism, N/V, sedation, motion sickness# Drowsiness, sedation, anticholinergic effects, thickened secretions#
Allegra fexofenadine# Second-generation Antihistamines# Seasonal/perennial allergies, drug allergies, parkinsonism, N/V, sedation, motion sickness# Drowsiness, sedation, anticholinergic effects, thickened secretions#
Claritin loratadine# Second-generation Antihistamines# Seasonal/perennial allergies, drug allergies, parkinsonism, N/V, sedation, motion sickness# Drowsiness, sedation, anticholinergic effects, thickened secretions#
Privine naphazolin# Topical Decongestant# Nasal congestion# Burning, stinging, and drying#
Afrin oxymetazoline# Topical Decongestant# Nasal congestion# Burning, stinging, and drying#
Sudafed pseudophedrine# Systemic Decongestant# Nasal congestion# Tachycardia, arrhythmias, nervousness, restlessness, insomnia, blurred vision#
Proventil, Ventolin albuterol# Short-Acting β2 Agonists (SABA)# Bronchospasm, prevention of EIB# Tachycardia, palpitations, arrhythmias, nervousness, anxiety, HTN, insomnia#
Adrenalin epinephrine# Short-Acting β2 Agonists (SABA)# Asthma, bronchospasm# Tachycardia, palpitations, arrhythmias, nervousness, anxiety, HTN, insomnia#
Xopenex levalbuterol# Short-Acting β2 Agonists (SABA)# Treat/prevent bronchospasm# Tachycardia, palpitations, arrhythmias, nervousness, anxiety, HTN, insomnia#
Serevent salmeterol# Long-Acting β2 Agonists (SABA)# Long-term treat/prevent bronchospasm# Tachycardia, palpitations, arrhythmias, nervousness, anxiety, HTN, insomnia#
aminophylline# Xanthine Derivatives# Long-term treat/prevent bronchospasm# Restlessness, nervousness, tremors, tachycardia, palpitations, EKG changes, ↑ RR, hyperglycemia#
Theo-Dur theophylline# Xanthine Derivatives# Symptomatic relief/prevention of bronchial asthma and reversible bronchospasm of chronic bronchitis and emphysema# Restlessness, nervousness, tremors, tachycardia, palpitations, EKG changes, ↑ RR, hyperglycemia#
Atrovent ipratropium bromide# Anticholinergic Bronchodilators# Symptomatic relief/prevention of bronchial asthma and reversible bronchospasm of chronic bronchitis and emphysema# Anticholinergic effects#
Pulmicort budesonide# Inhaled Corticosteroids# Bronchospasm associated with COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema, rhinorrhea# Throat irritation, hoarsness, cough, candida, vertigo, HA#
Flovent fluticasone# Inhaled Corticosteroids# Maintenance treatment of asthma# Throat irritation, hoarsness, cough, candida, vertigo, HA#
Azmacort triamcinolone# Inhaled Corticosteroids# Prophylactic maintenance and treatment of asthma# Throat irritation, hoarsness, cough, candida, vertigo, HA#
Singulair montelukast# Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists# Prophylactic maintenance and treatment of asthma# Headache, dizziness, abd pain, dyspepsia, flu-like symptoms#
Accolate zafirlukast# Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists# Prophylaxis and treatment of chronic asthma, seasonal allergic rhinitis# Headache, dizziness, N/V#
Intal cromolyn# Mast Cell Stabilizers# Prophylaxis and treatment of chronic asthma in adults and children# Headache, dizziness, hypotension, fatigue, unpleasant taste#
streptomycin# Secondary Drugs# Bronchial asthma, prevention of bronchospasm, prevention of EIB, nasal preparations, prevention and treatment of allergic rhinitis# Nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, numbness, tingling, paresthesia of the face, N, dizziness#
Myambutol ethambutol# Primary Drugs# TB, infections due to susceptible microorganisms# Optic neuritis, fever, pruritus, headache, N, anorexia, dermatitis, hypersensitivity, psychic disturbances#
isoniazid (INH)# Primary Drugs# Pulmonary TB# Peripheral neuropathy, N/V, epigastric distress, jaundice, hepatitis, pyridoxine deficiency, skin eruptions, hypersensitivity#
pyrazinamide# Primary Drugs# Active TB, prophylaxis for TB# Hepatotoxicity, N/V/D, myalgia, rashes#
Rifadin rifampin# Primary Drugs# Active TB# Heartburn, drowsiness, fatigue, dizziness, epigastric distress, hematologic changes, renal insufficiency, rash, body fluid discoloration#
Lanoxin digoxin# Cardiotonics# Active TB, Hansens’s disease# HA, weakness, arrhythmias, GI upset, N#
Primacor milrinone# Misc Inotropic# HF, atrial fibrillation# HA, weakness, arrhythmias, GI upset, N#
Xylocaine lidocaine# Class I Antiarrhythmics# HF, atrial fibrillation# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Procanbid procainamide# Class I Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Rhythmol propafenone# Class I Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Quinidex quinidine# Class I Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Brevibloc esmolol# Class II Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Inderal propranolol# Class II Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Cordarone amiodorone# Class III Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
bretylium# Class III Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Calan verapamil# Class IV Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Adenocard adenosine# Misc Antiarrhythmics# PVC-premature ventricular contraction, ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter# Proarrhythmic effect, lightheadedness and weakness, N, constipation, ringing of the ears, postural hypotension, bradycardia, urinary retention#
Imdur isosorbide mononitrate# Nitrates# Angina, prophylactic, chronic# HA, dizziness, weakness, restlessness, edema#
Isordil isosorbide dinitrate# Nitrates# Angina, prophylactic, chronic# HA, dizziness, weakness, restlessness, edema#
Nitro nitroglycerin# Nitrates# Angina, prophylactic, chronic# HA, dizziness, weakness, restlessness, edema#
Norvasc amiodipine# Calcium (Ca) Channel Blockers# Angina, HTN# Dizziness, lightheadedness, HA, constipation, hypotension, bradycardia, edema#
Cardizem diltiazem# Ca Channel Blockers# Angina, HTN# Dizziness, lightheadedness, HA, constipation, hypotension, bradycardia, edema#
Procardia nifedipine# Ca Channel Blockers# Angina, HTN# Dizziness, lightheadedness, HA, constipation, hypotension, bradycardia, edema#
Apresoline hydralazine# Vasodilating Drug# Dilates vessels, ↓ BP# Dizziness, palpitations, tachycardia, numb/tingling in legs, nasal congestion#
Tenormin atenolol# B-Adrenergic Blocking Drug# ↓ cardiac workload and oxygen needs, allowing vessels to relax# Bradycardia, dizziness, fatigue, weakness, hypotension, N/V/D, nervousness#
Lopressor metoprolol# B-Adrenergic Blocking Drug# ↓ cardiac workload and oxygen needs, allowing vessels to relax# Dizziness, hypotension, HF, cardiac arrhythmia, N/V/D#
Inderal propranolol# B-Adrenergic Blocking Drug# ↓ cardiac workload and oxygen needs, allowing vessels to relax# Cardiac arrhythmias, MI, angina, HTN, migraine prophylaxis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, pheochromocytoma, primary tremor#
Catapres clonidine# Antiadrenergic Drugs-Centrally Acting# Prevents release epinephrine, preventing vasoconstriction# Drowsiness, dizziness, sedation, dry mouth, constipation, syncope, dreams, rash#
Aldomet methyldopa# Antiadrenergic Drugs-Centrally Acting# Prevents release epinephrine, preventing vasoconstriction# Bradycardia, aggravation of angina pectoris, HF, sedation, HA, rash, N/V, nasal congestion#
Minipress prazosin# Alpha Blocking Drugs# Blocks alpha I receptors, preventing vasoconstriction# Dizziness, postural hypotension, drowsiness, HA, loss of strength, palpitation, N#
Hytrin terazosin# Alpha Blocking Drugs# Blocks alpha I receptors, preventing vasoconstriction# Dizziness, postural hypotension, HA, dyspnea, nasal congestion#
Cardura doxazosin# Alpha Blocking Drugs# Blocks alpha I receptors, preventing vasoconstriction# HA, dizziness, fatigue#
Lotensin benazepril# Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors# HTN# Peptic ulcers, anorexia, constipation, cough#
Capoten captopril# Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors# HTN, HF, LVD after MI, diabetic nephropathy# Peptic ulcers, anorexia, constipation, cough#
Vasotec enalapril# Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors# HTN, HF, asymptomatic LVD# Peptic ulcers, anorexia, constipation, cough#
Prinvil, Zestril lisinopril# Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors# HTN, HF, post-MI# Peptic ulcers, anorexia, constipation, cough#
Cozaar losartan# Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists# HTN, HTN in patients with LVD, diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetes# Fatigue, depression, syncope#
Diovan valsartan# Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists# HTN, HF, post-MI# Fatigue, depression, syncope#
Questran cholestyramine# Bile Acid Resins# Hyperlipidemia, relief of pruritus associated with partial billary obstruction# Bloating, constipation, N, ↑ triglycerides#
WelChol colesevelam# Bile Acid Resins# Hyperlipidemia# Bloating, constipation, N, ↑ triglycerides#
Lipitor atorvastatin# HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (Statins)# ↓ risk of CHD events, hyperlipidemia, familial hypercholesterolemia# Myalgia, liver impairment, rhabdomyolosis#
Lescol fluvastatin# HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (Statins)# Atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, familial hypercholesterolemia# Myalgia, liver impairment, rhabdomyolosis#
Pravachol pravastatin# HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (Statins)# ↓ risk of CHD events, atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, familial hypercholesterolemia# Myalgia, liver impairment, rhabdomyolosis#
Zocor simvastatin# HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (Statins)# ↓ risk of CHD events, hyperlipidemia, familial hypercholesterolemia# Myalgia, liver impairment, rhabdomyolosis#
Crestor rosuvastatin# HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors (Statins)# Hyperlipidemia# Myalgia, liver impairment, rhabdomyolosis#
Tricor fenofibrate# Fibric Acid Derivatives (Fibrates)# ↑ triglycerides# Rhabdomyolosis, hepatotoxicity, Cholelithiasis#
Lopid gemfibrazole# Fibric Acid Derivatives (Fibrates)# ↑ triglycerides# Rhabdomyolosis, hepatotoxicity, cholelithiasis#
niacin# Misc Preparations# Vitamin B, megadosing, ↓ LDL#
Zetia ezetimibe# Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors# Primary/familial hypercholesterolemia#
heparin sodium# Parenteral Anticoagulants# Clearing intermittent infusion lines to prevent clot formation# None significant#
Lovenox enoxaparin# Parenteral Anticoagulants-LMWH# Prevent extension and formation of new clots, venous stasis, atrial thrombus, PE, MI, post valve replacement# ↑ bleeding, bruising, bloody stools, bloody gums, hematuria, hemorrhage, thrombocytopenia#
protamine# Anticoagulant Antagonists# Treatment of heparin overdose# Flushing and warm feeling, dyspnea, bradycardia, hypotension#
Coumadin warfarin# Oral Anticoagulants# Prevent extension and formation of new clots, venous stasis, atrial thrombus, PE, MI, post valve replacement# ↑ bleeding, bruising, bloody stools, bloody gums, hematuria, hemorrhage, thrombocytopenia#
Vitamin K# Anticoagulant Antagonists# Treatment of warfarin over dosage# GI upset, unusual taste, flushing, rash, urticaria, erythema, pain and/or swelling at injection site
Ticlid ticlopidine# Antiplatelets# Thrombotic stroke# Palpitations, bleeding, dyspepsia
Plavix clopidogrel# Antiplatelets# Recent MI, stroke, and acute coronary syndrome# Palpitations, bleeding, dyspepsia
Activase alteplase# Thrombolytics# Dissolves certain types of clots and reopens occluded vessels, AMI, PE, CVA, DVT# Hemorrhage
Streptase streptokinase# Thrombolytics# Dissolves certain types of clots and reopens occluded vessels, AMI, PE, CVA, DVT# Hemorrhage
DexFerrum iron dextran# Immunostimulants# Iron deficiency anemia# GI upset, black tarry stools, constipation, D
Feosol ferrous sulfate# Immunostimulants# Prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia# GI upset, black tarry stools, constipation, D
Epogen epoetin alfa# Immunostimulants# CRF, chemotherapy, post op# HTN, HA, arthralgia
Folate folic acid# Immunostimulants# Anemia# Allergic sensitization
Vitamin B12 cyanocobalamin# Immunostimulants# Vitamin B12 deficiencies# D, itching, edema, anaphylaxis
Diamox acetazolamide# Diuretics-Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor# Glaucoma, edema# Hypokalemia, renal insufficiency, hyperglycemia
Lasix furosemide# Diuretics-Loop# HTN, edema# Postural/orthostatic hypotension, electrolyte imbalance, photosensitivity, nephrotoxicity, dry mouth, tinnitus and dizziness<with IV
Bumex bumetanide# Diuretics-Loop# HTN, edema# Postural/orthostatic hypotension, electrolyte imbalance, photosensitivity, nephrotoxicity, dry mouth, tinnitus and dizziness<with IV
Mannitol osmitrol# Diuretics-Osmotic# Kidney insufficiency, IICP, IIOP# Hyponatremia, HA, blurred vision
Hyrodiuril hydrochlorothiazide, HCTZ# Diuretics-Thiazide# HTN, CHF-LT management, hepatic cirrhosis# ↓ electrolytes, thrombocytopenia, photosensitivity, dizziness, impotence
Aldactone spironolactone# Diuretics-Potassium Sparing# Long term management of HTN# Added hypotensive effects with ETOH, monitor administration with ACE inhibitors, monitor K+, reversible gynecomastia
Created by: xeonex
 

 



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