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AP Gov. & Politics

Mr. Rice 5th block

institutions and processes through which public policies are made for society government
process by which we select gov. leaders & produce authoritive decisions about public issues. politics
by the people for the people: equality in voting, participation, understanding, citizen control of the agenda, inclusion democracy
a theory of gov. and politics emphasizing that politics are mainly competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies. pluralist theory
pluralist theory, groups will work together, public interest will prevail, elite and class theory, not all groups are equal, and hyperpluralsim. theories of US democracy
a theory of gov. and politics contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper class elite will rule, regardless of the formal necessaties of governmental organization. elite and class theory
a theory of gov. and politics contending that groups are so strong that it results in chaos. hyperpluralism
Why do we need gov.? to regulate human balance and policies
How was the U.S. gov. first set up? -articles of confederation-continental congress-no regulations-wealthy land owners were merely in control
Explain the Declaration of Independence. 1st constitution from 1781-1789...states had more power than national gov...congress was national ruling body with each state having one vote...creaed a gov. that was too weak to effectivley run the country.
What were the problems with the Articles of Confederation? *national gov. was too weak. -could not tax -could not regulate interstate commerce -slow to action *9/13 states for a law -all states for an amendment -no national Judicial System to settle disputes between states
Describe the Constitutional Convention. -meetings held to revise the Articles-ended up throwing out Articles & making new Constituion-55 delegates from 12 states (none from Rhode Island)-based on several compromises
Great Connecticut Compromise New Jersey Plan, Virginia Plan, Two Legislative Houses
like articles, wanted more power in the hands of the stateswanted equal representation in congress new jersey plan
called for Legislative, Judicial, and Executive branchescalled for stronger national gov.representation based on population Virginia Plan
-senate -senators elected by state legislatures -2 senators for each state-House -rep. elected direcly by the people -# of Rep. based on state population Two Legislative Houses
James Madison -framer-feared factions brought about unequal distribituion of wealth-believed in checks & balances(creates seperation of powers)
Federalists believed in the constitution and supported the Federal Gov.(small gov.)
Anti-Federalists disagreed with the Const. needed Bill of Rights
*divides the gov. into two parts..*each part has distinct powers Federal System
Why do we want Federalism? -combines the strong states and strong central gov.-size of the country-states can be used as testing grounds
Why do we not want Federalism? *some states block national plans
3 types of Gov. unitary-C-s-s-s //// federal-C-s-c-s-c-s-c //// confederal-s-s-s-C
enumerated powersnecassary and proper clause (elastic clause)implied powersinherent powers -sovereign state powers of a national gov.
Article IV of the Const. attemps to resolve potential problems between states by requiring states to:*give full faith and credit to actions of other states*extend to tother states' citizens the privelages and immuntites of its own citizens Interest Relations
Interstate compacts are allowed, but congressional consent may be required if the compact increases the relative power of the involoved states interest relations
McCulloch vs. Maryland (1819) affirmed that the power of Congress is not strictly limited to its expressed powers. Cheif Justice Marshall held that Congress has implied powers to carry out the expressed power.
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1824) set the precedent for the national gov. exclusivley to regulate a wide range of economic activities under the commerce clause.
The Civil War Amendments -represented a serious enhancement of national power-abolished slavery-defined who was and American citizen-attempted to provide rights to the free slaves
expanded role for the national gov. cooperative federalism
*formula and program grants*block grants*federal mandates categorial grants
states'rights have been associtated with conservatism, & national authority has been associated with liberalism-why? -states tend to favor the status quo-accomplishments of national authority-civil rights and the war on poverty
Created by: brianna-
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