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CPhT Practice Exam

Study questions

QuestionAnswer
Zelnorm activates which Neurotransmitter in the GI tract? 5-HT
What is the brand name for Clopidogrel? Plavix
Avandia and Actos are considered to be in what class of drugs? Glitazone antidiabetic
What dispensing system is frequently used for narcotic control? automated dispensing system
What is the drug class for Mavik? ACE Inhibitor
What is the drug class for Furosemide? Loop Diuretic;commonly used for congestive heart failure,cirrhosis of the liver,fluid accumulation in the lungs and any condition where it may be desirable to rid the body of excess fluids
What is the brand name for Furosemide? Lasix
What is the most common complication of tunneled venous access devices? Infection
What is the generic name for Lamisil? Terbinafine
What is the drug class for Lamisil? antifungal; most commonly used for fungal infections of the skin, fingernails, and toenails.
What is the drug class for Bumex? Loop Diuretic
What is the brand name for Famciclovir? Famvir
What is the drug class for Famciclovir? Antiviral;used for Shingles, genital herpes, cold sores, and herpes simplex
What is the generic name for Bumex? Bumetanide
What is the cause of Coronary Artery Disease? Thickening of the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart
What is the generic for Rheumatrex? Methotrexate
What is the drug class for Rheumatrex? antimetabolite, antiarthritic, and anti-inflammatory agent;used for cancer chemotherapy,psoriasis, and adult and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
What is the brand name for Gabapentin? Neurontin
What is the drug class for Gabapentin? anticonvulsant and analgesic;used for partial seizures,pain after shingles,nerve pain,bipolar disorder,hot flashes for women receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer, and prevention of migraine
When should a sharps container be replaced? when it is 3/4 full
What is the generic name for Symmetrel? Amantadine
What is the drug class for Symmetrel? antiviral
What does remuneration mean? Paying something of value
What is the most common type of cancer? Carcinoma
What is a male/female adapter used to attach? syringe to syringe
What are the two types of insulin that have been structurally modified from human insulin? Humalog and Lantus
What is CADD an example of? Ambulatory electronic infusion pump system
Fungizone, Grasactin, and Nizoral are classified as what? antifungals
What is the brand name for Chlorthalidone? Thalitone
What is the drug class for Chlorthalidone? Thiazide Diuretic;used for Edema associated with congestive heart failure,cirrhosis of the liver, kidney malfunction,and hypertension
What is the drug class for Verapamil? calcium channel blocker;used for angina pectoris,high blood pressure,abnormal heart rhythem,asthma, cardiomyopathy, migraine, night time leg cramps,and bipolar disorder
What is the brand name for Verapamil? Verelan, Calan, Covera HS, Isoptin SR
What is the brand name for insulin Lispro? Humalog and Humalog Mix
What is the brand name for Mometasone Furoate Monohydrate? Nasonex
What is the drug class for Mometasone Furoate Monohydrate? Nasal Corticosteriod;used for nasal inflammation associated with seasonal or chronic allergy, and to prevent recurrence of nasal polyps
Who determines what schedule a controlled substance will be placed in? US Attorney General
What is the generic for Adalat? Nifedipine
What is the drug class for Adalat? Calcium Channel Blocker;used for angina pectoris, Prinzmetal's angina, and high blood pressure;also migraine prevention,asthma,heart failure,Raynaud's disease,esophagus disorders,gallbladder and kidney stone attacks
What is the brand name for Donepezil? Aricept
What is the drug class for Donepezil? Cholinesterase Inhibitor;used for Alzheimer's disease;also used for vascular dementia,dementia associated with Parkinson's,poststroke aphasia, and improvement of memory in multiple sclerosis patients
What is the generic name for Elavil? Amitriptyline HCI
What is the drug class for Elavil? Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
What is the generic name for Claritin? Loratadine
What is the drug class for Claritin? antihistamine;used for runny and stuffy nose,itchy eyes,and scratchy throat caused by allergies;also used for rash,itching and hives;asthma
What is the generic name for Naprosyn? Naproxen Sodium
What is the drug class for Naprosyn? nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory(NSAID)analgesic;used for inflammation and pain
What is the brand name for Sumatriptan? Imitrex
What is the drug class for Sumatriptan? Triptan-type antimigraine
What does parenteral mean literally? outside the intestine;
What is the primary element of a blood clot? Fibrin
Manufacturer's are required to print "Must be Diluted" on what injectable? Potassium Chloride Injection
What is the brand name for Fluticasone Propionate? Flonase
What is the drug class for Fluticasone Propionate? Nasal Corticosteriod;used for nasal inflammation associated with seasonal or chronic allergy;also used to prevent recurrence of nasal polyps
What is the generic for Nasacort AQ? Triamcinolone Acetonide
What is the drug class for Nasacort AQ? Nasal Corticosteroid;used for nasal inflammation associated with seasonal or chronic allergy;also to prevent recurrence of nasal polyps
What is the generic for Rhinocort? Budesonide
What is the drug class for Rhinocort? Nasal corticosteroid;used for nasal inflammation associated with seasonal or chronic allergy;also used to prevent recurrence of nasal polyps
Which type of diabetes is often referred to as Juvenile diabetes? Type I Diabetes
What is the brand name for Atorvastatin Calcium? Lipitor
What is the drug class for Atorvastatin Calcium? Antihyperlipidemic or Statin cholesterol Lowering Agent;used for high blood levels of cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides
What is the generic for Pravachol? Pravastatin Sodium
What is the drug class for Pravachol? Antihyperlipidemic or statin cholesterol lowering agent;used for high blood levels of cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides
What is the brand name for Lovastatin? Mevacor or Altoprev
What is the drug class for Lovastatin? Antihyperlipidemic or statin cholesterol lowering agent;used for high blood levels of cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides
What is the generic for Zocor? Simvastatin
What is the drug class for Zocor? Antihyperlipidemic or statin cholesterol lowering agent;used for high blood levels of cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)cholesterol, and triglycerides
What is the brand name for Bisoprolol? Zebeta
What is the drug class for Bisoprolol? Beta-adrenergic blocking agent;used for high blood pressure, angina pectoris, and stable congestive heart failure
What is the generic for Ziac? Bisoprolol + Hydrochlorothiazide
What is the drug class for Ziac? Ziac is a combination of a beta-adrenergic blocker and a thiazide diuretic;used for high blood pressure, angina pectoris, and stable congestive heart failure
What is the brand name for Amlodipine? Norvasc
What is the drug class for Amlodipine? Calcium channel blocker;used for angina pectoris, Prinzmetal's angina, and high blood pressure
What is the generic for Caduet? Amlodipine + Atorvastatin
What is the drug class for Caduet? Caduet is a combination of a calcium channel blocker and a statin cholesterol lowering agent;used for angina pectoris, Prinzmetal's angina, and high blood pressure
What is the brand name for Amlodipine + Benazepril? Lotrel
What is the drug class for Amlodipine + Benazepril? Amlodipine + Benazepril is a combination of a calcium channel blocker and a angiotension-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor;used for angina pectoris, Prinzmetal's angina, and high blood pressure
What is the generic for Lotensin? Benazepril
What is the drug class for Lotensin? Angiotension-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor;used for high blood pressure;also used for renal(kidney)failure, kidney hypertension, heart failure, post-heart attack mgmnt,diabetes,chronic kidney disease,prevention of a second stroke
What is the brand name for Benazepril + Hydrochlorothiazide? Lotensin HCT
What is the drug class for Benazepril + Hydrochlorthiazide? A combination of an ACE inhibitor and a Thiazide Diuretic;used for high blood pressure
What is the generic for Dalmane? Flurazepam
What is the drug class for Dalmane? Benzodiazepine Sedative;used for insomnia and sleep disturbances
What is the brand name for Alprazolam? Xanax
What is the drug class for Alprazolam? Benzodiazepine Sedative;used for generalized anxiety disorder and anxiety associated with depression;panic disorder with or without agoraphobia
What is the generic for Restoril? Temazepam
What is the drug class for Restoril? Benzodiazepine Sedative;used for insomnia and sleep disturbances
What is the brand name for Triazolam? Halcion
What is the drug class for Triazolam? Benzodiazepine Sedative;used for insomnia and sleep disturbances
What is the generic for Vasotec? Enalapril
What is the drug class for Vasotec? Angiotension-converting enzyme(ACE)inhibitor;used for hypertension (high blood pressure), heart failure,diabetic kidney disease, and heart attack treatment when the function of the left ventricle has been affected
What is the brand name for Enalapril + Hydrochlorothiazide? Vaseretic
What is the drug class for Enalapril + Hydrochlorothiazide? ACE Inhibitor with a thiazide diuretic;used for hypertension (high blood pressure)
What is the generic for Accolate? Zafirlukast
What is the drug class for Accolate? Leukotriene Antagonist/Inhibitor;used for asthma;also for chronic uticaria
What is the brand name for Montelukast Sodium? Singulair
What is the drug class for Montelukast Sodium? Leukotriene Antagonist/Inhibitor;used for asthma,seasonal allergic rhinitis,chronic uticaria, and atopic dermatitis
What is the generic for Sterapred? Prednisone
What is the drug class for Sterapred? Oral corticosteroid;used for a variety of disorders from rash to cancer, used for inflammation of the nerves,heart, or other organs
Which auxiliary label should always be put on a suspension? Shake Well
How many grams are in 1700 mg? 1.7 g
1 T QID x7d Take 1 tablet 4 times a day for 7 days.
A patient is ordered to receive 70 mg of Lovenox. It's available in vials that contain 30mg per 0.3ml. How much should be prepared? 0.7ml
A patient needs an infusion of dextrose 5% in water (D5W) at 125ml/hour. If the tubing set is calibrated at 15gtt/ml, what is the drip rate? 31.25 gtt/min.
What is 3/5 as a percentage? 60%
If a patient were prescribed 3900 mg of aspirin, if 3 tablets contained 975 mg, how many tablets should the patient receive? 12 tablets
If a patient needs 250 ml of normal saline solution over 2 hours, what is the flow rate? 125 ml/hr
Suppose a patient requires 1 L of D5W at 50ml/hr, what is the infusion time? 20 hours
Calculate the BSA for a child whose weight is 27.3kg and height is 59.5cm. .67 m2
A doctor orders Ephedrine 100mg/m2/day for a child with a BSA of 0.96 m2. How much ephedrine should the child take daily? 96 mg per day
Convert 32 degrees Fahrenheit to Celsius 0 degrees celsius
Convert 36 degrees Celsius to Fahrenheit 96.8 degrees Fahrenheit
Convert 50 pounds to kilograms 22.7 kg
Which act was created by the FDA to speed up the approval process for new medications intended to help people with urgent needs? Orphan Drug Act 1983
Which amendment that became part of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; was designed to institute higher safety measures for drugs approved by the FDA by requiring manufacturers to follow Good Manufacturing Processes(GMP)? Kefauver-Harris Amendment (KHA)1962
Which act was established in 1996 that requires health care providers to provide written explanation of how health information will be used and disclosed? Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) 1996
Which act in 1938 helped ensure drugs being distributed were safe and fulfilled the reported claim of strength, purity, and quality? Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA) 1938
Which amendment seperated drugs into two categories: Legend drugs and over-the-counter? Durham-Humphrey Amendment (DHA) 1951
Which act was created to reduce potential for accidental poisonings? Poison Prevention Packaging Act (PPPA) 1970
Which act helped regulate drug use by creating rules and regulations for record keeping,dispensing,and requiring firms that handled controlled substances to register with the DEA;organized controlled substances into a system of schedules based on the pote Controlled Substances Act (CSA) 1970
Which law requires pharmacists to counsel patients on new medications? Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (OBRA)
The middle segment of a national drug code (NDC) represents what? product code, strength, and dosage form
Controlled Substances for office use can be obtained by a prescriber using what form? DEA order form 222
How often should a controlled substance inventory be conducted? every 2 years
Which semisolid dosage form contains more water and penetrates well into the skin? lotions
Which type of dosage form has a sugar-based solution that the medication dissolves into? syrup
What type of dosage form contains dissolved medication in an alcohol or water base? elixir
Created by: Pandoras