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MCRT- lung inflation

Key Terms

QuestionAnswer
atelectasis abnormal collapse of distal lung parenchyma
continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) method of ventilatory support whereby the patient breathes spontaneously without mechanical assistance against threshold resistance, with pressure above atmospheric maintained at the airway throughout breathing
intermittent positive airway pressure breathing (IPPB) application of positive pressure breaths to a patient for relatively short period of time (10 to 20 minutes)
incentive spirometry (IS) the process of encouraging the bedridden patient take deep breaths to avoid atelectasis; most often done with use of an incense barometer that provides feedback to the patient when a predetermined lung volume is reached during and inspiratory breath
lobar atelectasis alveolar collapse involving a specific lobe of the lung
passive atelectasis collapse of distal in lung units due to persistent ventilation with small tidal volumes
positive expiratory pressure (PEP) airway clearance technique in which the patient exhales against a fixed orifice flow resister in order to help move secretions into the larger airways for expectoration via coughing or swallowing
resorption atelectasis collapse of distal lung units due to mucous plugging of airways
Created by: smiddleton