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kinesiology

gait

QuestionAnswer
define gait translatory progression of the body as a whole,produced by coordinated, rotatory movements of body segments
what are the 3 tasks of walking Ranchos Los Ranchos Amigos? 1.Weight acceptance2.Single Limb support3. Swing-Limb advancement
what are Winter's 3 tasks of walking? 1.Maintenace of support of Hat against gravity2. Maintenence of upright posture and balance3. Control of foot trajectory to achieve safe ground clearance and gentle heel clearance
Define the Gait Cycle. activities that occur from initial contact of reference limb to initial contact of same extremity again.
what are the phases of the gait cycle? Stance phase and swing phase
what percent of stance phase makes up the gait cycle? 60%
what percent of swing phase makes up the gait cycle? 40%
define stance phase. initial contact to toe off
define swing phase. toe off to initial contact
whaat phase does double limb support occur in? stance phase
how many times does double limb support occur? twice..
what percent of stance phase is made up of double limb support 22%
what are the time variables in gait cycle? cadence, speed and steps per minute
what are the distance variables in gait cycle? stride length, step length, walking base and degree of out toe
what is the degree of out toe? 10 degrees
what are the 3 determinants of gait? vertical rise, COG drop and side to side determinants
what are the vertical rise determinants? -lateral pelvice tilt-knee flexion-knee and ankle interactions
what is the COG drop determinant? pelvic rotation
what is the side to side detrminant? knee valgus
How often, what percentage ,and what phase does double limb support occur? 2 times at 11% each, in the stance phase
Normal heel strike occurs at which portion of the calcaneus? Posterior lateral
in the gait cycle, when do the hip abductors concentrically contract? during loading response and initial swing
In the ankle joint, what is the component responsible for plantar and dorsal flexion? Talacural joint
An increase in lateral trunk flexion in midstance may be caused by? Same side weak glut medius mm
What are the reference points for the Q angle? ASIS, patella, tibial tuberosity and tibial shaft
When referencing the gait cycle, where does it begin and end? Intial contact of the reference limb to initial contact of the same limb
What is the percentage of Stance phase to Swing phase? Stance phase- 60%; Swing phase- 40%
list the steps of gait cycle in order. initial contact,loading response,contralateral toe off,midstance,cog over base of support,terminal stance,contralateral initial contact,preswing,toe off,initial swing,max knee flexion,midswing, tibia vertical,terminal swing, initial contat
how many degrees of pelvic forward rotation at initial contact? 5 degrees
how many degrees of hip flexion at initial contact? 30 degrees
how many degrees of knee flexion at initial contact 0 degrees
how many degrees of ankle plantar flexion at initial contact? 0 degrees
how many degrees of subtalor supination at inital contact? 5 degrees
how many degrees of hip flexion at contralateral toe off? 30 degrees
how many degrees of knee flexion at contralateral toe off? 15 degrees
how many degrees of ankle plantar flexion at contralateral toe off? 15 degrees
how many degrees of subtalor supination at contralateral toe off? -10 degrees
how many degrees of pelvic forward rotation at cog over base of support? 0 degrees
how many degrees of hip flexion at cog over base of support? 5 degrees
how many degrees of knee flexion at cog over base of support? 5 degrees
how many degrees of ankle plantar flexion at cog over base of support? -5 degrees
how many degrees of subtalor supination at cog over base of support? -5 degrees
how many degrees of pelvic forward rotation at contralateral initial contact? -5 degrees
how many degrees of hip flexion at contralateral initial contact? -10 degrees
how many degrees of knee flexion at contralateral initial contact? 0 degrees
how many degrees of ankle plantar flexion at contralateral initial contact? -10 degrees
how many degrees of subtalor supination at contralateral initial contact? 5 degrees
how many degrees of hip flexion at toe off? 0 degrees
how many degrees of knee flexion at toe off? 40 degrees
how many degrees of ankle plantar flexion at toe off? 20 degrees
how many degrees of subtalor supination at toe off? 10 degrees
how many degrees of hip flexion at max knee flexion? 20 degrees
how many degrees of knee flexion at max knee flexion? 60 degrees
how many degrees of ankle plantar flexion at max knee flexion? 10 degrees
how many degrees of pelvic forward rotation at tibia vertical? 0 degrees
how many degrees of hip flexion at tibia vertical? 30 degrees
how many degrees of knee flexion at tibia vertical? 30 degrees
how many degrees of ankle plantar flexion at tibial vertical? 0 degrees?
what type of contraction is erector spinae doing at initial contact to contralateral toe off? eccentric
what type of contraction is gluteus min and med doing during initial contact to contralateral toe off? eccentric
what type of contraction is gllute max doing at initial contact to contralateral toe off? isometric
what type of contraction is quadriceps doing at initial contact to contralateral toe off? eccentric
what type of contraction are the dorsiflexors doing at initial contact to contralateral toe off? eccentric
what type of contraction is glute med and min doin at contralateral toe off to cog over base of support? isometric
what type of contraction is quadriceps doing at contralateral toe off to cog over base of supprt? concentric
what type of contraction is gastroc and soleus doing at contralateral toe off to cog over base of support? eccentric
what type of contraction is glute med and min doing at cog over base of support to contralateral initial contact? concentric
what type of contraction is iliopsoas doing at cog over base of support to contralateral initial contact? eccentric
wha type of contraction is gastroc and soleus doing at cog over base of support to contralateral itial contact? eccentric
what type of contraction is iliopsoas doing at contralateral initial contact to toe off? concentric`
what type of contractin is gastroc and soleus doing at contralateral initial contact to toe off? concentric
what type of contraction is iliopsoas doing at toe off to max knee flexion? concentric
what type of contraction are the dorsiflexors doing at toe off to max knee flexion? concentric
what type of contraction are the dorsiflexors doing at max knee flexion to tibia verticle? isometric
what type of contraction is the hamstrings doing at tibia verticle to initial contact? eccentric
what type of contraction is the hip adductors doing at tibia verticle to initial contact? eccentric
what type of contraction is the dorsiflexors doing at tibia verticle to initial contact? isometric
Created by: babyb06