Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Onc Pathology PTA

Oncology Pathology based on Score Builders Study Materials

What are some Basal Cell Carcinoma characteristics (5)? -grows slowly -Originating in the epidermis -metastasis rare -common cause: sun damage/exposure -Prognosis good, can be cured
What are some Squamous Cell Carcinoma characteristics (6)? -Originates in sun damaged skin -Fair skin a risk factor -60 yo's have peak incidence -Diagnosis difficult -Metastasis can happen -Prognosis excellent with Rx
What are some Malignant Melanoma characteristics (6)? -Northern European genetics a risk factor -melanocyte origin -middle age (40-60) peak incidence -increased intensity of sun exposure more dangerous -can metastasize and spread quickly -brain, lung, liver, bone, skin, and CNS involvement fatal in 12mo
What are some common characteristics of Breast Cancer (6)? -2nd leading cause of cancer deaths in women -70% in women over 50 -Lump presentation -Mass not painful, but firm and irregular. -lung, lymph node, bone, skin and brain involvement common -rx includes surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and hormonal the
What are some common characteristics of Lung Cancer (5)? -Originates in Epithelium of pulmonary tracts -No. 1 cause of cancer deaths -Sx include cough, sputum, dyspnea -Rapid metastasis to adrenal glands, brain, bone, liver. -smoking main risk, others: geographic location, occupational hazards, environment
What are some Pancreatic Cancer characteristics (5)? -#4 cause of cancer deaths -African/Americans most common patient -early sx include weight loss, abdominal pain, decreased appetite -other sx: jaundice, obtruction, back pain -poor prognosis, c/ metastasis to liver, lungs, colon, stomach, spleen
Brain Cancer characteristics include(4)? -Brain common Metastasis target -sx based on brain location -headaches, seizures, cognitive and emotional impairments -poor prognosis with both primary and metastasis cancers.
Leukemia has what characteristics (5)? -Malignant neoplasm of the white blood cells -Main Sx: Anemia, infection, bruising/bleeding tendencies -two acute and two chronic versions -no cure for chronic lymphocytic version->fatal -Rx includes hormone therapy, stem cell and bone marrow transpla
Lymphoma: Hodgkin's disease characteristics. -Reed-Sternberg cells present -metastasize to liver, bone marrow, spleen, and lungs -risks: Epstein-Barr virus, immunosuppressant use, drug use, obesity, autoimmune disorders. -one of the most curable cancers.
Lymphoma: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma characteristics. -solid tumors found in the lymphatic system -risks: benzene(smoking), auto emissions, high levels of polychlonnated biphenyls (meats, dairy, fish) -prognosis varies on classification, co-morbidities, Rx response -classified by size, b and t cell marker
What is Multiple Myeloma? -malignant neoplasm of plasma cells, found in bone marrow of flat bones -initial sign: bone pain, altered erythrocyte, leukocyte and platelet production -anemia, bleeding tendencies, infection susceptibility -rx: no cure, but can be prolonged
Sarcoma: Characteristics of a Bone Tumor -4 types: Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma, Ewing's sarcoma, Angiosarcoma -pain, swelling and fever -metastasize to lungs, liver, and other bones -biopsy diagnosis, Rx: radiation, chemo, excision, amputation -Osteoblastic, or osteolytic
Colon Cancer: the 3rd leading cancer killer -Adenocarcinoma is primary bowel cancer -Risks: genetic syndromes, male, Crohn's disease, polyps, colitis, sendentary, smoking, high fat diet -signs: change in bowel habits, bright red blood c/ stool, stomach pain -metastasis: liver, lungs, bone, brain
Liver Cancer: Jaundice! Hepatocellular is the most common.. Risks: age, HBV, HCV, male, alcohol abuse, anabolic steroids, oral contraceptives -Sx: GI pain, ab distention, anorexia, weight loss, change in bowel habits.. -Dx requires biopsy, 35% 5 year survival rate c/ Rx
Prostate Cancer: Adenocarcinoma most common, 2nd cancer killer of men... -risks: 50+, high fat diet, genetics, African descent, cadmium exposure -metastasis: bladder, MS system, lungs, lymph nodes -asymptomatic until advanced stages: Sx: urinary obs vFlow, pain, urgency -Rx: incision, radiation, hormone therapy, 90% sur rat
Cervical Cancer: HPV and women... -Risks: HPV, smoking, diethylstilbestrol, african descent, oral contraceptives, STD. -Sx: abnormal bleeding, pelvic/low back pain, bladder and bowel impairment -Dx: Pap smear, Rx: laser, excision, cryotherapy, hysterectomy, chemo, radiation -Prog: good
Created by: 1524200300



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards