Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how


Pediatric PT

WHAT IS TORTICOLLIS? Derived from Latin: Torta = twisted Collum = neck Also known as: Wry Neck Turtle Neck Twisted Neck
SIGNS and SYMPTOMS and DX Head tilt with rotation ___-not always Elevated shoulder girdle ___ in the belly of the muscle Limited ROM Difficulty visual ___ ___ of the face and/or skull Difficulty breast feeding opposite Lump/mass in the belly of the muscle Difficulty visual tracking Asymmetry of the face and/or skull
OCCURRENCE One in ___ live births ___ as a coexisting impairment -80-90% Hip ___ -20% Scoliosis Club foot Metatarsus Adductus 300 Plagiocephaly as a coexisting impairment Hip Dysplasia
TYPES Congenital Muscular Torticollis 1. Present at birth Acquired Torticollis 1. Traumatic 2. Spas___ 2. Spasmodic
CONGENTIAL TORTICOLLIS ___ common form SCM-___ syndrome -Palpable mass -Trauma during birth -___ injury -Intrauterine ___ Most common form SCM-compartment syndrome -Ischemic injury -Intrauterine positioning
CAUSES of CMT (Congenital Muscular Torticollis) ___ birth Large BW Sustained head ___ position Decreased ___ to SCM Cervical spine anomaly/malformation Forceps delivery Breech birth Sustained head down position Decreased circulation to SCM Forceps delivery
PHYSICAL FEATURES ___cephaly ___ of ears ___ of the side of the neck under the ear Flattening of the mandible ___ tilting of the lower jaw and gum line Elevation of the TMJ Limited movement of the neck Asymmetries of the back, chest, hips and feet Plagiocephaly Asymmetry of ears Depression of the side of the neck under the ear Upward tilting of the lower jaw and gum line
ACQUIRED TORTICOLLIS Acute trauma -Fracture, clavicle, scapula Non-traumatic(3): 1. Boney deformities- C1, C2 ___ -Inflammatory processes 2. Without boney deformities -___ lesion, neurological syndromes -Inflammation/infection 3. Painful Torticollis -Oste 1. C1, C2 subluxation 2. -Ocular lesion, neurological syndromes 3. -Osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma
TREATMENT Regain passive and active ROM Skin integrity Facilitate WB, WS Righting and equilibrium reactions Visual tracking ___ degrees, up/down Visual tracking 180 degrees, up/down
PERSISTENT TORTICOLLIS Rule out the following: 1. Retro-___ abscess 2. ___ tumors 3. Soft tissue mass with ___ tissue 4. Fracture 5. Cervical abnormality 6. Visual abnormality 1. Retro-pharyngeal abscess 2. Orbital tumors 3. Soft tissue mass with fibrotic tissue
Created by: John L