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Introduc To Teaching

Intrinsic Rewards Rewards that come from within oneself and are personally satisfying for emotional and intellectual reasons
Extrinsic Rewards Rewards that come form outside oneself such as job security and vacations
Professionalism An occupation characterized by a specialized body of knowledge with emphasis on autonomy, decision making, reflection, and ethical standards of conduct
Autonomy The capacity to control one's own professional life.
Curriculum What teachers teach
Assessment How student understanding is measured
Standards Statements specifying what students should know and what skills they should have upon completing an area of study
Technician A person who uses specific skills to complete well-defined tasks
Decision-making Problem solving in ill-defined situations, based on professional knowledge
Reflection The process of teacher's thinking about and analyzing their work for effectiveness.
Ethics Set of moral standards for acceptable professional behavior
Socioeconomic Status The amount of money students' parents make, their parents' level of education, and the kind of jobs their parents have.
Reforms Suggested changes in teaching and teacher preparation intended to increase the amount students learn
Professional Portfolio A collection of representative work materials to document developing knowledge and skills
Digital porfolio A collection of materials contained in an electric file that makes the information accessible to potential viewers
Accountability The process of requiring students ti demonstrate understanding of the topics they study as measured by standardizing tests, as well as holding educators at all levels responsible for students' performance
High-stakes test Assessments that states and districts use to determine whether or not students will graduate from one grade to another, graduate form high school, or have access to specific fields of study
Merit Pay Performance related pay
Old Deluder Satan Act Early colonial law designed to create scripture-literate citizens who thwart Satan's trickery
Vouchers Checks or written documents that parents can use to purchase educational services
Character education An approach to developing morality that suggests moral values and positive character traits, such as honesty and citizenship, should be emphasized, taught, and rewarded
Common school movement A historical attempt to make education available to all children in the United States
Normal Schools Two-year institutions developed in the early 1800s to prepare prospective elementary teachers
Comprehensive high school A secondary school that attempts to meet the needs of all students by housing them together and providing curricular options (e.g. vocational or college-preparatory programs) geared toward a variety of student ability levels and interests
Latin grammar school A college-preparatory school designed to help boys prepare for the ministry, or later, for a career in law
Academy A secondary school that focused on the practical needs of colonial America needs of colonial America as a growing nation
English classical school A free secondary school designed to meet the needs of boys not planning to attend college
Junior high school Schools that were originally designed in the early 1900s intended to provide unique academic curriculum for early adolescent youth
Middle school Schools, typically for grades 6-8, specifically designed to help students through the rapid social, emotional, and intellectual changes characteristic of early adolescence
Assimilation A process of socializing people so that they adopt dominate social norms and patterns of behavior.
Separate but equal A policy separating minorities in areas of public life if opportunities and facilities were considered equal to those of minorities. In education, the policy was evidenced by separate schools with different curricula, teaching methods, and resources
War on poverty A general term for federal programs designed to eradicate poverty in the 1960s
Compensatory education programs Government attempts to create more equal education programs for disadvantaged youth.
Head Start A federal compensatory education program designed to help 3- to 5- year old disadvantaged children enter school ready to learn
Title 1 A federal compensatory program that funds supplemental educational services for low-income students in elementary and secondary schools
Magnet School Public schools that provide innovative or specialized programs that attempt to attract students from all parts of a district