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Pharmacology Start

Basic Pre-Nursing pharmacology

Medications that relieve pain, include narcotic (Vicodin) and non-narcotic (tylenol) Analgesics
Drugs that relieve indigestion and heartburn by neutralizing stomach acids Antacids
Drugs that suppress anxiety and relax muscles (sometimes called axiolytics, sedatives, or minor tranquilizers). Antianxiety
Drugs used to control irregularities of heartbeat. Antiarrhythmics
Drugs made from naturally occurring and synthetic substances that combat bacterial infection. Antibiotics
Prevent the blood from clotting Anticoagulants
Help dissolve and disperse blood clots Thrombolytics
Drugs that prevent epileptic seizures. Anticonvulsants
Anti-depressant and anti-anxiety medications used in severe cases, highly addictive Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Klonopin)
Anti-depressants which block the serotonin transport Tricyclic
Used to stop diarrhea Antidiarrheals
Used to treat nausea and vomiting Antiemetics
Drugs used to treat fungal infections, the most common of which affect the hair, skin, nails, or mucous membranes. Antifungals
Drugs used primarily to counteract the effects of histamine, one of the chemicals involved in allergic reactions. Antihistamines
Drugs that lower blood pressure Antihypertensives
Drugs used to treat cancer Antineoplastics
Drugs used to treat psychotic disorders Antipsychotics
Drugs that reduce fever Antipyretics
Drugs used to treat viral infections or to provide temporary protection against infections such as influenza. Antivirals
Central nervous system depressants with effects from mild sedation to total anesthesia. Have been widely replaced by Benzodiazepines. Barbiturates
Reduce the oxygen needs of the heart by reducing heartbeat rate. Beta-Blockers
Drugs that open up the bronchial tubes within the lungs when the tubes have become narrowed by muscle spasm...ease breathing with diseases like asthma Bronchodilators
These hormonal preparations are used primarily as anti-inflammatories in arthritis or asthma or as immunosuppressives Corticosteroids
Drugs that kill or damage cells. Used as antineoplastics (drugs used to treat cancer) and as immunosuppressives. Cytotoxics
Drugs that reduce swelling of the mucous membranes that line the nose by constricting blood vessels, thus relieving nasal stuffiness. Decongestants
Drugs that increase the quantity of urine produced by the kidneys and passed out of the body, thus ridding the body of excess fluid. Diuretics
Drugs that stimulate the flow of saliva and promotes coughing to eliminate phlegm from the respiratory tract. Expectorants
Drugs that lower the level of glucose in the blood. Hypoglycemics
Drugs that relieve muscle spasm in disorders such as backache. Antianxiety drugs (minor tranquilizers) that also have a muscle-relaxant action are used most commonly. Muscle Relaxants
(anti-inflammatories) Advil, Clinoril, Motrin, Naproxen, Relafen and Voltaren. NSAIDS
Created by: hlareau



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