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Pharm for Nursing

sprklplnty

QuestionAnswer
Drug any chemical that can affect living processes
Pharmacology study of drugs and their interactions
Clinical Pharmacology study of drugs in humans
Pharmatherapeutics use of drugs to diagnose, prevent or treat disease or to prevent pregnancy
3 most important characteristics of any drug effectiveness, safety, selectivity
Reversible Action For some, reversible in appropriate amount of time
Predictability no way to determine in advance
Ease of administration reduces errors in administration
Chemical stability drugs would retain their stability in both shelf life and in solutions
Therapeutic Objective provide maximum benefit with minimum harm
Pharmacokinetics how the drugs move into the body: absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
Pharmacodynamics impact of drugs on body once it has reached its site of action
Five Rights drug, patient, dose, route, time
Individual Variation factors in the individual person
7 aspects of drug therapy preadministration assessment, doseage and administration, evaluating and promoting therapeutic effects, minimizing adverse effects, making PRN decisions, managing toxicity
High Risk Patients liver, kidney dysfunction, genetic factors, drug allergies, pregnancy, elderly, infants
Pharmacology and the Nursing Process assessment, analysis and nursing diagnoses, planning, implementation, evaluation
Baseline assessment data interviewing, observation, phy. exam, lab tests, medical history, drug history
Evaluation of drug therapy therapeutic response; compare current with baseline, adverse drug reactions/interactions, compliance w/drug therapy, satisfaction with drug regimen
Stages of new drug development preclinical testing, clinical testing, randomized controlled trial
Created by: sprklplnty