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Vocab 18 Res.

Respiratory System

QuestionAnswer
Asthma A condition in which narrowing of the airways impedes breathing
Chronic Obstructuve pulmonary disease A disease process in which the lungs have decrease ability for gas exchange; also known as emphysema and chronic bronchitis; COPD
Cough Reflex Response of the body to clear air passages of foreign substances and mucus by a forceful expiration
Influenza A respiratory tract infection caused by an influenza virus
Metered dose inhaler A device for supplying medications to the lungs through inhalation
Nonproductive cough cough that does not produce mucous secretions from the respiratory tract
productive cough cough that expectorates mucous secretions from respiratory tract
prophylaxis treatment given before an event to prevent the event from happening
sputum fluid coughed up from the lungs and bronchial tissues
Viscosity The thickness of a solution or fluid (e.g., corn syrup is very viscous)
Cystic fibrosis An inherited disorder that causes production of very thick mucus in the respiratory tract and affects the pancreas and sweat glands; the patient experiences difficulty breathing and has frequesnt respiratory infections
Antitussives (WRTUF) Suppress coughing
Mucolytics (WRTUF) Break up mucus in patients with COPD and CF
Decongestants (WRTUF) Help clear respiratory passages
Corticosteroids (WRTUF) Act as antiinflammatory agents
Anticholinergics (WRTUF) Inhibit the action of ACh
TB (DT) Isoniazid
Chronic Asthma (DT) Azmacort
Cold (DT) Pseudoephedrine
COPD (DT) Acetylcysteine
Cough (DT) Guaifenesin
what is the name of the lining of the pleural cavity? Pleura
What is the total capacity of the lung? 5L
Pneumonia is an infection of which system? lower respiratory system
what is the most common bacterial infection affecting the pulmonary system? TB
What are expectorants? Agents that break up thick mucus secretions of the lungs or bronchi
What is the upper respiratory system composed of? Nose, pharynx, larynx and nasal cavity
What is the lower respiratory system composed of? trachea, bronchial tree and lungs
What is the larynx known as? Voice box
what are the classes of drugs to treat asthma? bronchodilators, corticosteriods, xanthenes, and leukotriene receptor antagonists
What is Aspirations? the inhalation of foriegn objects
What is pulmonary embolism? when an embolism blocks a branch of the pulmonary artery that goes from the heart to the heart
Pneumorthorax characterized by a collapse of the alveoli resulting from air escaping into the pleural space
Hemothorax the collapse of a lung resulting from blood leaking into the pleural space
What class of drugs are used to relax the smooth muscles of the bronchi and the pulmonary blood vessels? Bronchodilators
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; a disease process in which the lungs have decreased ability for gas exchange
Influenza a respiratory tract infection caused by influenza virus
Asthma an obstructive airway disease that can be caused by genetic defects or chronic allergic reaction to irritating substances in the environment
Cystic fibrosis an inherited disorder that causes production of very thick mucus in the respiratory tract and affects the pancreas and sweat glands; the patient experiences difficulty breathing and frequent repiratory infections.
Bradypnea slow breathing
Cyanosis a lack of oxygen causes skin to turn blue gray
Apnea when respiration stops as in heart failure
Tachypnea rapid breathing
Orthopnea labored or difficult breathing while lying down
Hyperventilation deep and rapid breathing
hypoventilation shallow, inadequate breathing
Dyspnea labored or difficult breathing
Croup a childhood condition that causes obstruction of the larynx, a barking cough, and a noisy breathing
whooping cough also known as pertussis, this bacterial infection is contagious, it affects the larynx and trachea and produces coughing spasms
pulmonary edema caused by fluid filling the respiratory air sacs(alveoli) and broncholes
Pleurisy an inflammation of the lining of the lungs and lung cavities
Created by: Pharm Tech Class