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BEHS psych unit 2

Learning and Cognition

QuestionAnswer
Classical Conditioning One stimulus calls forth a response that is usually called forth by another stimulus.
Unconditioned Stimulus A stimulus that causes an automatic response; one that is not learned.
Unconditioned Response The automatic response to a stimulus.
Conditioned Response A learned response to a stimulus that was previously meaningless.
Conditioned Stimulus A learned response to a previously neutral stimulus.
Spontaneous Recovery A retrieval of a response that had been previously forgotten.
Generalization The act of responding in the same ways to stimuli that seem to be similar.
Discrimination The act of responding differently to stimuli that are not similar to each other.
Operant Conditioning People learn from the consequences of their actions.
Reinforcement Process by which a stimulus increases the chance that the preceding behavior will occur again.
Primary Reinforcers Food, water, and adequate warmth.
Secondary Reinforcers Money, attention, and social approval.
Examples of Positive Reinforcement Food and fun activities.
Example of Negative Reinforcement Taking away a chore.
Example of Punishment Being sent to a corner, slapping.
Drill and Practice Practicing something like note cards over and over again.
Mnemonic Device Letters to remember words of something... PEMDAS
When does interference occur???? Short term memory...
What are the three ways to encode memory??? Visual, acoustic, and semantic.
An example of an unusual association Kelsie's group who made a dance for the perspectives.
Info stays in you sensory memory for......? Fractions of seconds!
Created by: jlm4032