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T-34 Limits

ITT Normal idle range 400-660
ITT Normal operating range 400-695
ITT Max at shutdown 610
ITT Max continuous 695
ITT Max acceleration 825
ITT Hot Start 925 for 2 seconds
ITT Max during start 1090
What measures ITT? 8 thermocouples
Prop RPM Idle range <1800
Prop RPM normal range 2200 +- 25
Prop RPM overspeed governor 2332 +- 40
Prop RPM Fuel topping governer 2398
N1 Introduce fuel 12 %
N1 Flameout 10-12%
N1 Rollback 40-60%
N1 Minimum for flight (griped) 60%
N1 Idle range 62-65%
N1 Normal range 89-93%
N1 Max 101.5%
N1 max acceleration 102.6%
Airspeed Max clean 280 (surface-20,000) 245 (20,000-25,000)
Airspeed Max canopy emergency open 250
Airspeed Max canopy open 240
Airspeed Max turbulent air penetration 195
Airspeed Max gear extension 150
Airspeed Max flap extension 120
Airpseed Max gear retraction 120
Airspeed Max flap retraction 120
Airspeed Min flap retraction 90
Airspeed for downwind 100
VFR overhead break airspeed 170
Airspeed full flap landing 85
Airspeed no flap landing 95
Airspeed best angle of climb (Vx) 75
Airspeed best rate of climb (Vy) 100
Airspeed Best maneuvering speed (Va) 135
Airspeed recommended bailout 90-120
Torque Max range 580
Torque Max endurance 420
Torque Idle range 150
Torgue Autoignition range 180-300
Torque descent 300
Torque overspeed test 400-500
Torque Normal operating range 400-1015
Torque Climb 1015
Torque Max allowable 1015
Torque max 1315
Torque max for oil malfunction 850
Fuel flow idle 125
Fuel flow normal operation 335
Fuel type primary JP5
Fuel type alternates JP4 and JP8
Oil temp min start -40
Oil temp normal range 10-99
Oil temp max 100
Oil pressure idle range 40 min
Oil pressure Normal range 65-85
Oil pressure max fluctuation +-5 psi within limits
Max oil pressure 100
Oil pressure dynamic maneuvers 10 psi for 5 secs
Oil pressure cold days 80-100 psi
G limits up to 280 kts +4.5/ -1.0
G limits up to 220 kts +4.5/ -2.3
G limits flaps down +2.0/ -1.0
G limits gear down +1.5/ -1.0
Max time inverted 15 sec
Max time vertical nose up 15 sec
Max time vertical nose down 3 sec
Max time wings vertical 3 sec
Max time zero G transient
Starter time limitations 40s/60s/40s/60s/40s/30min
Wing span 33 feet 4 inches
Length 28 feet 6 inches
prop arc clearance 11 inches
max ramp weight 4425
max takeoff/landing weight 4400
max aerobatic weight 4300
max zero fuel weight 3650
max weight crew and luggage 425
max sink rate at touch down 600 fpm
max total winds 25
max crosswind component 22 NF, 15 FF
max operating altitude 25000
airstart envelope (sea level to 20000) 80-280 kts
Engine flat rated horsepower 550 (1315 torque)
Engine normal rated horsepower 425 (1015 torque)
Engine how many stages? 3 axial, 1 centrifugal
Engine compression ratio 7:1
Engine reduction ratio 15:1
Engine compressor turbine RPM (N1) 37000
Engine power turbine (N2) 33000
Landing gear nose gear turn limits +-30 deg
Main gear tire pressure 90 psi +-2
nose wheel tire pressure 70 psi +-2
Main oleo height 3 inches
nose gear oleo height 3-5 inches
red tire mark max slip 1/4 inch
aldis steady green Ground: takeoff Air: Land
aldis flashing green Ground: taxi Air: return to land
aldis steady red Ground: stop Air: give way, circle
aldis flashing red Ground: taxi clear Air: Do not land
aldis flashing white return to start
aldis flashing red/green Use extreme caution
aldis pyrotechnic waveoff
Oil system capacity 4.4 gal
oil tank capacity 2.8 gal
usable oil 1.4 upright .25 inverted
GPU output needed for start 28V 600 amps
battery rated at... 24V 24A
generator rated at... 30V 200A
starter rated at... 28V 800A
generator control panel 27-29.5V
overvoltage protection 34V
undervolt protection 25V
annunciator light 25-27.5V
battery voltage for start min 22V
min battery voltage during start 10V
replace battery below... 18V
voltage for GPU start 18-22V
ammeter shows __ during GPU discharging
6 Prohibited maneuvers (anytime) Night forms inverted stall inverted above 220 kts intentional dirty spin intentional inverted spin intentional feathered spin
Prohibited maneuvers (solo) EPs PPEL spins stalls (only previously introduced maneuvers)
how many fuel nozzles? 10 primary, 4 secondary
FCU pressure 800
PCL spool time 5 sec
solitary primary pump operation 10 hrs
how many fuel drains 5 + 1 firewall
how many fuel quantity indicators? 6 capacitance probes
activates low fuel light? 2 thermistors
fuel capacity 135 gal
usable fuel capacity 130 gal
blade angle feathered 87.5
blade angle low pitch/idle 17.5
blade angle beta -5
torque sensing failure 205 ft lb N1 = 77-80 FF = 150-170
torque sensing failure 650 ft lb N1 = 85-87 FF = 200-220
torque sensing failure 850 ft lb N1 = 90 FF = 250-270
glide characteristics clean/feathered 800 fpm 12:1
glide characteristics gear down/feathered 1200 fpm 8:1
glide characteristics flaps down/feathered 1250 fpm 8:1
glide characteristics dirty/feathered 1650 fpm 6:1
glide characteristics clean/feathered 2400 fpm 3:1
left safety switch down: gear warning up: NACWS test
right safety switch down: disables gear up up: AOA
nose safety switch down: beta up: disable rudder shakers
4 EPL dont's starts, jam acceleration, beta, advance past point at which fluctuations are min during overspeed condition
left air intake acc gear box, oil cooler, cockpit air, starter generator
oil/fuel heater regulates b/w 70-90 F
oil cooler bypass opens @60 F, closes at 71 F
what are the 4 gyros? 2 turn, 1 dir, 1 attitude
what are the 4 prop governer parts flyweights, speeder spring, pilot valve, oil type pump
what are pitch change parts feather spring, counter weights, servo piston, beta ring, high pressure oil
open canopy increases rate of descent by ___ 300 fpm
flux detector is where? in left wing
oxygen system capacity 1850 psi @ 70 F
oxygen system volume 76 cubic feet
oxygen relief ruptures at ___ 2775 psi
engine inlet bypass door can't close above ___ 150 kts
engine inlet bypass door opens automatically at ___ 200 kts
icing checklist pitot heat on cockpit enviro and defog as required engine bypass door auto ignition switch on
weather mins for solo winds 25 steady, crosswind 10 kts, no tail wind homefield ceiling 1500/ 3 vis working area ceiling 3000/ 3 vis working area PA's ceiling 8000/3 vis
landing gear warning: gear up flaps down wheels warning light, horn
landing gear warning: gear up PCL below 75 gear light, wheels warning light, horn
landing gear warning: gear handle up on ground gear handle light, wheel warning light, horn
landing hear warning: handle and gear disagree gear handle light
AC switches high pressure (black): 380 psi from condenser low pressure (copper): 3 psi to compressor
ADB min discrepancy records last 10 flights
ADB: turnaround on A sheet good for how long? 24 hrs, 1 flight
ADB: daily on A sheet good for how long? 72 hours, or 24 hrs since last flight
ADB: 7 checks 7 day chute and first aid 7 day lube 14 day wash 56 day corrosion 1st 100 hr 2nd 100 hr 25 hr oil sample
spin characteristics: erect spin AOA pegged airspeed 80-100 stable turn needle pegged
spin characteristics: inverted AOA 3 units airspeed 0 turn needle pegged
spin rate of descent 9000-12000 fpm
rate of descent per turn 375-500 fpm
misc solo requirements 300 lbs fuel per side landing min fuel 150 lbs temp/dew point 4 deg max spread runway lengths 3000 dry VMC, 4000 wet VMC, 4000 touch and go
Engine failure Indications: Flameout Torque: 0 N1: 10-12 ITT: 200 RPM: 200 FF: 50 Oil temp: decreasing Oil press: various
Engine failure indications: Rollback Torque: low N1: 40-60 ITT: RPM: <2200 FF: 80-100 Oil temp: normal Oil press: normal
Engine failure indications: Compressor stall Torque: fluctuating N1: fluctuating ITT: fluctuating RPM: surges FF: fluctuating Oil temp: normal Oil pressure: normal
NACWS: number of aircraft can track and radius? 50 up to 20 NM
NACWS: passive mode uses ground radar tracks up to 20 NM
NACWS: active mode uses own interrogations up to 6NM
NACWS: enroute mode Proximity zone = 20 NM, +-2700 ft Protection zone = 1 NM, +-500 ft aircraft within 20 seconds of zone will wound alarm
NACWS: landing mode proximity zone = 1.5 NM, +-500 ft protection zone = .1 NM, +-500 ft aircraft within 10 seconds of zone will sound alarm
NACWS: DME ranges 20, 10, 5, 3, 1.5 NM
NACWS: range button does what? toggles between enroute and landing modes
PRC 90 frequencies are? 282.8 SAR T/R 243 Guard T/R 243 beacon Range = 60 miles
Smoke flare rings 1 ring is day 2 rings is night
pencil flare range 200 ft
Created by: gtnavyboy
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