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Religion Study Guide

2nd Semester Religion Final

Sacrament any sign or symbol of a sacred reality
Grace (from Greek word for gift) the free and undeserved gift of God's life and help that enables us to respond to God's call to be his children and to act by his love
Sacraments of Character Sacraments that leave indelible mark; Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Orders
Sacramental a sacred sign that is similar to the sacraments in some ways, by which spiritual meanings and realities are signifed by which spiritual blessings are able to be obtained by God's grace through the prayers of the Church
sacrifice "sacrum facere" a ritual offering made to God by a priest on behalf of the people, as a sign of adoration, thanksgiving, entreaty, and communion; an act (or gift) of offering
RCIA means Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults
Four stages of RCIA are 1) Period of Inquiry 2) Catechumenate 3) Period of Purification & Enlightenment 4) Mystagogy
Lent (springtime) a season of penance, reflection, and fasting which prepares us for Christ's Resurrection on Easter Sunday, through which we attain redemption.
Fasting The law of fasting requires a Catholic from the 18th to the 59th birthday to reduce the amount of food eaten from the normal.
Abstinence The law of abstinence requiers a Catholic 14 years of age until death to abstain from eating meat on Fridays in honor of the Passion of Jesus on Good Friday.
"ex opere operato" means "work of the people" and it is a formal act of worship; this means that any sacrament performed is significant and dignified, since it is through Christ
Easter Vigil ceremony where adults receive sacrament of initiation
Eucharist Fast not eating 6 hours prior to Mass and receiving Holy Communion
Corpus Christi the Body of Christ (Name for Liturgical Feast day as well)
Mass (missa =send/dismiss) sent on the missio of proclaiming the good news of salvation and the kingdom of God; Eucharistic liturgy
Liturgy (public work / worship) any formal Christian worship, especially one that follows a prescribed pattern such as a sacramental rite
Liturgy of the World the first major part of the Mass that includes the readings, homily, profession of faith, and general intercessions
Liturgy of the Eucharist the second major part of the Mass that includes the presentation and preparation of the gifts, the Eucharistic Prayer, and the Communion rite
Liturgical colors (green= hope; Time after Epiphany/Pentecost, red= passion; Feast of Lord's Passion/Palms Sunday, Purple=penance; Season of Lent/ Rogation Days, white=pure/light/innocence/joy; Christmas/Easter, Rose=joy; 3rd & 4th Sunday of Lent)
Sanctuary distinctive place in Church where the priest resides for Mass
Altar (latin word= to slaughter) center located table within the sanctuary used to concecrate the holy Eucharist
tabernacle (latin word: tent) the prominent place receptacle where the blessed sacrament is reserved
Paten dish in which concecrated host are placed upon
Chalice sacred cup used for concecration of wine (what becomes the blood of Christ)
Ciborium cup with a lid to hold the concecrated host
chasuble the outer vestment worn by presiding priest at the mass
stole long narrow strip of cloth worn around the neck by priest
alb white linen vestment worn by the priest or other ministers of the altar
lector the designated reader of Scripture (except the Gospel reading)
Eucharistic Minister A lay person trained and authorized to distribute Holy Communion
cantor The person who leads a church choir or congregation in singing.
usher Minister who greets the faithful as they enter the church & assists in seating.
altar server The designated assistant of the priest during the Mass
Ways of participation in mass singing, praying, Holy Communion, and responses such as "Thanks be to God"
baptism (baptizein=to plunge or immersion) the name of the first of the three Sacraments of Initiation; the sacrament of new life in God and of incorporation into the Church performed by full or partial immersion in water, or by pouring water over the head.
Immersion when one is dipped fully in the water during the baptismal rite
infusion pouring water over the head 3x (using Trinitarian formula)
baptistery location in a church where baptisms are performed
baptismal front the place where one is baptized in water
conditional baptism "If you have not been baptized, I baptize you..."
Christening "to make like Christ"
baptismal vows (definition) promises made at Baptism by the person baptized, or by the parents, godparents, and assembly, to reject sin and confess the Christian faith
baptismal vows (examples) Do you reject Satan? And all his works? And all his empty promises? Do you reject sin so as to live in the freedom of God’s children? Do you reject the glamour of evil, and refuse to be mastered by sin?
baptismal name when a person chooses a Saint to be their protector
Baptism by water water is most common form,
Baptism by blood unbaptized people who are martyred by their faith
Baptism by desire an implicit desire to become baptized by a person who loves God and has faith
neophyte newly baptized person
Chrism oil blessed oil used in Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, & Holy Orders
Symbols of baptism ater (new life; death), oil (protection from evil), white garment (Christ and risen w/ him), lighted candle (light of Christ is not conquered by death; Jesus is the light of the world)
Responsibilities of a godparent Help the child increase in Faith
original sin the sin of the first man and woman (Adam & Eve story) and the fallen state of human nature into which every person is born, with the exception of Mary and Jesus
confirmandi the Latin term designating a Confirmation candidate
Gifts of the Holy Spirit Wisdom, Understanding, Counsel, Piety, Fortitude, Knowledge, and fear of the Lord (will be matching with def. on test)
Wisdom the ability to know with the hart and see things with eyes of faith; enables us to judge correctly the things of God
Understanding the ability to see the relationships and connections between things; gives us insight into the mysteries of faith for clarity and a deeper faith
Counsel the ability to give and accept good advice; helps us to choose what is right so as to guide ourselves and others in practical matters
Piety the ability to give faithful love and honor to God; disposes us to love God above all things
Fortitude the ability to stand up for what is right; enables us to do good despite obstacles
Knowledge the ability to benefit from education and experience; enables us to see God reflected in all of creation
fear of the Lord the ability to respond with adoration, praise, and thanks to God; helps us to respect God and desire to please Him
Confirmation the Sacrament of spiritual strengthening
soldier of Christ indicates how we must resist the attacks of our spiritual enemies and secure our victory over them by following and obeying the Lord
Theological Virtues Virtues of faith, hope, and love infused into our Souls by God
A virtue of faith enables us to believe in God and all he revealed to us
A virtue of hope enables us to trust in God and the promise of eternal life
A virtue of love (charity) enables us to love God and all things, including our neighbor out of our love for God
The symbolism of laying on of hands and anointing with oil laying on of hands (signifies the descent of the Holy Spirit upon confirmandi) & anointing with oil (sign of strenghtening of the Christian life)
Contrition sorrow for sin; a hatred for sin & true grief of the soul for offended God
Confession the telling of our sins to the priest for the purpose of obtaining forgiveness
Absolution means "releasing"; releasing of sins by God through a priest
Seal of Confession solemn obligation of the priest to keep secret what has been revealed in confession
Examination of Conscience the calling to mind all of the sins you have committed since your last confession
sin a thought, word, action, or omission against God’s law
mortal sin grave offense against God
venial sin slight or lesser offense against God
Confessional place designated for the Sacrament of Penance
presumption belief God will forgive sins w/o asking for forgiveness
despair belief that your sins are so grave that God will not forgive them
assigned penance/satisfaction something that is accepted to make up for the sin(s)
Anointing of the Sick (aka Sacrament of Healing) a way for people to become unified and have belief in Eternity instead of falling apart at illness and suffering; created in order for preparation for people to pass on to the next life of Eternal Glory
Last Rites the Sacraments of Reconciliation, Eucharist, and the Anointing of the Sick, when administered to someone who is dying
Viaticum a traditional name for Communion that is given to a dying person, in the sense of "food for the journey" from this life to the next
Extreme Unction the former name for the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, emphasizing the ast anointing before death
Matrimony the Sacrament of Marriage, a covenant relationship between a man and a woman exprerssed in faithful love for each other and the care of children
Nuptial from a Latin word meaning related to or pertaining to marriage
Indissoluble not able to be dissolved or broken apart
fidelity faithfullness; in the context of marriage, not having a sexual relationship with anyone but one’s spouse; in addition, commitment to growing in love for one another
bond of marriage faithful, permanent, open to new life
mixed marriage when a baptized Non-Catholic marries a Baptized Catholic
natural union (orr disparity of cult) when a Baptized Catholic marries a non-Baptized Catholic
annulment (Declaration of Nullity) not Sacramental marrriage; didn’t happen according to Christian Church
divorce civil ending of marriage
Natural Family Planning open to new life
Bishop (episcopate) successors to Apostles, responsible forr well being of Church and disces
Priest (presbyterate) teach, lead, Sanctuary, a co-worker with Bishop
Deacon (diaconate) permanent-married, lowest level
words of consecration of Holy Eucharist "Take all of this and eat it, this is my body"
words of conesecration of wine "Take all of this and drink it, this is my blood"
Consecration Jesus' words of institution of the Eucharist at the Last Supper recited by the priest at Mass, chaning the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ
Transubstantiation the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and the wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist
Eucharist (eucharisteo=give thanks) from the Greek, meaning an act of thanksgiving, an ancient name for the Christian celebration of the Paschal mystery that includes remembrance of the Last Supper and distribution of Communion
bread and wine Through transubstantiation, the bread becomes the "body" and the wine becomes the "blood" of Jesus Christ
host (hostia=victim) The bread used for consecration. The host is made of wheat flour and water. Nothing else may be substituted or added.
Last Supper where Jesus instituted the Eucharist as his body and the wine as his blood
Minister of Baptism priest, deacon, (in emergency, anyone)
Minister of Confirmation bishop, abbot (by delegation), & priest (by delegation)
Minister of Eucharist For consecration: bishop or priest; for distribution: bishop, priest, deacon, acolyte (in need, extraordinary minister)
Minister of Reconciliation/Penance Bishop or Priest
Minister of Anointing of the Sick Bishop or Priest
Minister of Marriage bride and groom (A priest or deacon is a witness in the name of the Church)
Minister of Holy Orders Bishop
Sacraments of Initiation Baptism, Eucharist, & Confirmation
Sacraments of Healing Anointing of the Sick & Confession
Sacraments of Vocation Holy Matrimony & Holy Orders
History of the Seven Sacraments (with certain people) Tertullian (sacramentum), Peter Lombard (the sacraments instituted by Christ vrs. sacramentals instituted by Church), St. Thomas Aquinas (officially recognized 7 Sacraments & defined them)
History of Seven Sacraments (with Councils) Council of Florence (1439) - officially recognized 7 Sacraments & defined them + Council of Trent - defined & named the 7 Sacraments that were institued by Christ to give grace
Types of Sacramentals devotion objects, exorcism in the chruch, and blessings on people
Benefits of Sacramentals faith grace and protection
Words of the sacrament of Baptism "I baptize you in the name of the Father, Son, & Holy Spirit"
Current Pope (Bishop of Rome) Pope Benedict 16
Current Bishop of local region (auxiliary bishop) Bishop Curry
Current bishop of LA Archdiocese Cardinal Roger Mahony
Words of the sacrament of Confirmation "[Name], be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit"
Words of the sacrament of Penance "I absolve you from your sins int he name of the Father, the Son, & the Holy Spirit"
Words of sacrament of Eucharist "Take this, all of you, and eat it: this is my body which will be given up for you... Take this all of you, and drink from it: this is the cup of my blood of the new ans everlasting conventan. It will be shed for you and for all so that sins may be..."
Difference between a Sacrament and a Sacramental A Sacrament is one of the 7 instituted by Jesus and a Sacramental is instituted by the Church
Period of Inquiry (RCIA #1) person gathers info., asks questions, clarifies misunderstanding (indefinite min. 6 months)
Catechumenate (RCIA #2) process of spiritual formation and introduction into parish life (1-3 years) indepth understanding of faith & grow closer to Christ
Period of Purification & Enlightenment (RCIA #3) includes scrutinies, acceptance of Creed and the Lord’s prayer choice of Christian name, final statement of purpose (LENT)
Mystagogy (RCIA #4) (mystery) period of growth and reflection for the neophyte in the Christian life happens from Easter until Pentacost
3 Conditions of Mortal Sin Grave matter (act is bad & sufficiently important / serious act), Sufficient reflection (know you are doing it; know it's wrong to do), and full consent of the will (act done freely, willfully, & deliberately)
St. John Vianney French; dedicated life to helping people with sin
St. John Nepomucene (known as the martyr of confession) the confessor of the Queen in Prague, Czech., and refused to tell the King the Queen's confessions and was in jail for the cause --> refused to tell the King a second time --> drowned in river
St. Valentine married Christians against Roman laws, Patron of Love, and the feast day: February 14th
St. Patrick (Born in Scotland in 387 AD) stolen by pirates and sold as a slave, praid to God, and the King wanted to know what it is about his God and why he prayed. He used the three-leaf clover to represent the Father, Son, & Holy Spirit in explaining to the King
Sacrament of Baptism matter (natural blessed water), form ("[Name], I baptize you..", minister (Priests, deacons, and bishops), effects (cleanses the soul of sin, bestows the gifts of Holy Spirit, & makes one a child of God with the right of heaven)
Be familiar with a reflection on.. retreat such as the visit to the Cathedral or reflection on experience of the Mass, etc.
Review blue sheet for matter, form, minister, effects, responsibilites, dispositions of recipient, scriptural basis, & symbolism of the Sacrament of Baptism & Holy Eucharist
Created by: villanova