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The Elbow

(CN) The Elbow

What muscles flex the elbow? (3) Biceps, Brachialis, Brachioradialis
What muscles extend the elbow? (2) Triceps, Anconeus
What are the radioulnar supinators? (2) Biceps, supinator
What are the radioulnar pronators? (2) Pronators teres and quadratus
How is ligamentous instability assessed in the elbow? By using valgus/varus stress tests. Place the elbow in 20-30 degrees of flexion, and apply a varus/valgus stress. Positive test: Increased laxity, apprehension or pain.
What is Cozen's Test used for? Describe it. Indicates lateral epicondylitis.
Describe the lateral epicondylitis test. Extend the third digit against resistance. Positive test: Pain in the lateral epicondyle region, or muscle weakness.
Describe the medial epicondylitis test. Palpate the medial epicondule while passively supinating the forearm, extending the wrist and extending the elbow. Positive test: Pain in medial epicondyle area.
What is Mill's test used for? Describe it. Indicates lateral epicondylitis. Palpate lateral epicondyle and pronate the forearm, flex the wrist and extend the elbow. Positive test: Pain in lateral epicondyle region.
Created by: PT Board Exam
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