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Posture- Head, Neck, and Shoulder Faults and Causes

Forward Head. The head lies anterior to the plumb line. Causes-Excessive cervical lordosisTight cervical extensor, upper trapezius, and levator scapulae muscles.Elongated cervical flexor muscles.
Flattened Lordotic Cervical Curve. The plumb line lies anterior to the vertebral bodies. Stretched posterior cervical ligaments and extensor muscles.Tight cervical flexor muscles.
Excessive Lordotic Curve. The gravity line lies posterior to the vertebral bodies. Vertebral bodies and joints compressed posteriorly.Anterior longitudinal ligament stretched.Tightness of posterior ligaments and neck extensor muscles.Elongated levator scapulae muscles.
Forward Shoulders-The acromion process lies anterior to the plumb line; the scapulae are abducted. Tight pectoralis major and minor, serratus anterior, and intercostal muscles.Excessive thoracic kyphosis and forward head.Weakness of thoracic extensor, middle trapezius, and rhomboid muscles.Lengthened middle and lower trapezius muscles.
Lumbar Lordosis. The lumbar region is flat as the subject raises arms overhead. Tightness of the latissimus dorsi muscle and thoracolumbar fasciae.
Created by: jdosssmith