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CHAPTER 16

Administration of Medications

QuestionAnswer
True or false. Each patient is entitled to the "five rights" for safe, appropriate drug administration. TRUE
A transdermal drug is applied externally but still has what type of effect? SYSTEMIC
What type of orders are orders for drugs that should be immediately administered? STAT orders
When oral medication lodges in throat it is called a(n): ESOPHAGEAL EROSION
When active ingredient is held inside a patch it is called: TRANDERMAL DRUGS
Frequency of doses refers to: DOSAGE SCHEDULE
Which technology is replacing handwritten physician orders? CPOE
CPOE COMPUTERIZED PHYSICIAN ORDER ENTRY
Inserted into the rectum: SUPPOSITORIES
Identified top high-risk drugs: ISMP
ISMP INSTITUTE FOR SAFE MEDICATION PRACTICES
The person administering drugs always gives top priority to making sure the patient receives which type of drugs in a timely fashion? STAT
What is drug administration initiated with? PHYSICIAN'S MEDICATION ORDER
What can be a critical factor in pharmacokinetic laboratory results? TIME OF ADMINISTRATION
What should usually be given to the patient to allow for easy swallowing, dissolution of the tablet or capsule, and prevention of esophageal erosion? AN ADEQUATE AMOUNT OF WATER
No drugs are given to patients without: PHYSICIAN AUTHORIZATION
Diabetic patients may receive their hypoglycemic drugs (unless otherwise specified) how much time before meals? A HALF-HOUR
What is an important patient medication limitation that is especially followed prior to surgeries? NOTHING BY MOUTH
Infections that occur in the hospital are also known as what? NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS
PRN orders are: ORDERS ONLY IF REQUIRED
Nosocomial infections are: HOSPITAL ACQUIRED INFECTIONS
STAT orders are: IMMEDIATELY ADMINISTERED
Systemic action is: ACTION IN AND THROUGHOUT THE BODY
Hypoglycemic drugs are: DRUGS FOR DIABETICS
Medication adminstrator: NURSE OR OTHER AUTHORIZED PRACTITIONER
What can occur when oral medication lodges and remains in the esophagus and does not move into the stomach? ESOPHAGEAL EROSION
Who is responsible for screening orders for rationale drug therapy and appropriateness? PHARMACIST
The Institute for Safe Medication Practices has identified top high-risk what? DRUGS
What is the goal of the performance improvement process? TO IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL AND SYSTEM PROBLEMS
What type of drug is applied to the skin or mucous membrane? TOPICAL
Before leaving the patient, the person administering the drug should make sure the patient has taken the drug and has had: NO DIFFICULTY SWALLOWING
True or Fase. Generally, absorption of topically applied medications is less predictable than other routes. TRUE
Internal medications and what other type of medication should always be stored separately? EXTERNAL
Age, developmental level, and educational level will all be considered when a nurse or pharmacist develops what for a patient? TEACHING PLAN
Time of administration can be a critical factor in which type of laboratory results? PHARMACOKINETIC
Illegibility of handwritten physician orders has been identified as a key contributor to what? MEDICATION ERRORS
The right drug, right dose, right route (or right dosage form), right time, and right patient are all rights of whom? THE PATIENT
Each patient is entitled to this for safe, appropriate drug administration. THE FIVE RIGHTS
A PRN drug is administered when: THE PATIENT ASKS FOR THE MEDICATION, OR THE PATIENT'S CONDITION REQUIRES IT.
The drug administration process begins with: THE PHYSICIAN'S PRESCRIPTION
At least four ounces of water should be given following the drug administration of: AN ASPIRIN TABLET
Transdermal drug patches are placed: ON THE MOST ACCESSIBLE SPOT
Never administer a medication without checking it how many times against the MAR? THREE
This focuses on the needs of the patient and the information to be presented to the patient. TEACHING PLAN
The determination and regulation of the size, frequency, and number of doses: DOSAGE SCHEDULE
A drug that lowers the level of glucose in the blood; used primarily by diabetics: HYPOGLYCEMIC
The person who administers or gives medication to patients: MEDICATION ADMINISTRATOR
An infection or illness that occurs as a result of the patient's stay in the hospital or health facility: NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION
Drugs to be given as needed when a clinical situation arises: PRN (PRO RE NATA) ORDERS
To be given immediately: STAT ORDER
Affects the body as a whole: SYSTEMIC ACTION
An order for a drug or other treatment that is given verbally to an authorized receiver by an autorized prescriber: VERBAL ORDER
List the five patient rights. THE RIGHT DRUG, RIGHT DOSE, RIGHT ROUTE (OR DOSAGE FORM), RIGHT TIME, AND RIGHT PATIENT
Created by: Goldilox
 

 



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