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Techniques of melodic composition

Plainsong Singing is unaccompanied, melody is modal and moves mostly by step, monophonic
Serialism Tone row (uses all 12 pitches), atonal, 20th century, Schoenberg
Impressionism Based on whole-tone scale, sounds dreamy, links to impressionist art, Debussy
Blues African-American slave trade, call and response, improvisation, blues scale, 12 bar blues: I, IV and V, syncopation
Indian Classical Music Improvisation, Rag (like a scale), Tabla, Tal (cycle of beats), Sitar plays melody
Gamelan Indonesia, cycles of melodies at different speeds, metallic instruments
Vocal (choral) music Choir - soprano (high female), alto (low female), tenor (high male), baritone, bass (low male)
Binary form A B
Ternary form A B A or A B A1
Rondo form A B A C A D A (A - refrain; B, C, D - episodes)
Song structure Intro, verse 1, bridge, chorus, verse 2, bridge, chorus, middle 8, chorus, outro
Salsa structure Intro, verse, break, montuno, mambo, montuno, ending
Baroque (1600 - 1750) Simple, decorated melody, mainly primary chords, dialogue and imitation between instruments, small orchestra, harpsichord, Bach, Handel, Vivaldi
Classical (1750 - 1830) Simple melody, mainly primary chords, balanced phrases, question and answer, small-medium sized orchestra, Mozart, Haydn
Romantic (1830 - 1913) Lyrical melodies, richer chords, often chromatic, quick modulations, pieces much longer, large orchestra, Schubert, Brahms, Chopin, Wagner, Mahler
Created by: 651972241