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CI 152

Cognitive Development Piaget

Developmentalists argue that the mind goes through... a maturational process just as the body does
While experience certainly affects thinking, some of the changes in thought processes are: unrelated to experience
Developmentalists hold that everyone goes through the same sequence of changes, but... not at the same rate or time. That is, the sequence is universal. The rate is individual.
the fundamental unit of memory the schema
The continual process of adapting to the environment: learning
Adaptation occurs because of either: assimilation or accomodation
One encounters new information and includes it within the existing schema assimilation
The new information contradicts what one knows requiring that the schema be altered accommodation
Constructed by the individual, not inherited from others: reality
A state of cognitive balance which people naturally seek. It prevails when one can explain experience. equilibrium
A state of disequilibrium: disequilibrium
The young child’s tendency to be aware of only one view, his own. egocentric thought
Young children focus on the most obvious characteristic of a stimulus. They are unaware of secondary characteristics. centering
a mental sequence an operation
the ability to reverse a mental sequence, to think backward through a series of steps reversability
when a learner recognizes that although some characteristics of a stimulus may change, others often remain constant conservation
From birth to about 18 months. Children are egocentric, and learn from direct sense experience. sensorimotor stage
Takes the child to about 5 years. Her egocentricity begins to diminish. Speech develops, she centers, and responds to perception rather than underlying realities. preoperational stage
To about age 12. They can perform operations and are capable of reversability. This makes them problems-solvers, as long as the problem is concrete. concrete
Can work with abstractions and deal with hypotheticals. This is the final stage. formal operational thinkers
Created by: Neukay