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Mid term review

Bony Thorax, Cervical and Thoracic spine

Positioning Landmarks: Vertebra prominens C7 - T1
Positioning Landmarks: Supersternal notch (jugular notch) T3
Positioning Landmarks: Sternal angle T4-T5
Positioning Landmarks: Mid Thoracic T7
Positioning Landmarks: Xiphoid tip (insiform) T9 - T10
Positioning Landmarks: Lower costal margin L2-L3
Positioning Landmarks: Iliac crest L4-L5
Positioning Landmarks: A.S.I.S S1-S2
Positioning Landmarks: Symphysis pubis Mid coccyx
Positioning Landmarks: Mastoid tip C1
Positioning Landmarks: Gonion C3
Positioning Landmarks: Thyroid cartilage C4-C5
Line used to insure that eyes are parallel to IR Inter-pupilary line
Whole in ear that is used as a general landmark for the skull External acoustic meatus
Four classification of bones Long, short, flat and irregular
Occurs rapidly and takes place in bones that are needed for protection Intramembranous ossification
occurs much slower and in most parts of the skeleton, especially in the long bones Endochondral ossification
The first center of ossification and occurs in the midbody area Primary center, diaphysis
ossification that appears near the end of the limbs of long bones secondary centers, epiphysis
Classification of joints: function Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis and diarthrosis
Classification of joints: Structural Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial
lack a joint cavity, and the articulating bones are held together tightly by cartilage Cartilaginous joints (intervertebral joints)
Freely movable joints, and characterized by a fibrous capsule that contains synovial fluid Synovial joints (Zygapophyseal)
Immovable joint Synarthrosis (First sternocostal joint)
Joint with limited movement Amphiarthrosis (Intervertebral joints)
Free movable joint Diarthrosis (Zygapophyseal)
A reference position that defines specific surfaces and planes of the body Anatomic position
Positioning term that describes the direction or path of the CR of the x-ray beam Projection
horizontal plane is formed by the biting surfaces of the upper and lower teeth with jaws closed Occlusal plane
A recumbent position with the body tilted with the head lower than the feet Trendelenburg
A recumbent position with the body tilted with the head higher that the feet Fowler's
An abnormal or exaggerated lateral curvature Scoliosis
Normal compensatory concave curvature of cervical and lumbar spine lordosis
Abnormal exaggerated thoracic "humpback" curvature with increased convexity Kyphosis
The main function of the bony thorax To serve as a expandable, bellowslike chamber
The only bony connection between each shoulder girdle and the bony thorax Sternoclavicular joint
At what ribs is the rib cage the widest 8th and 9th ribs
Lateral to the neck is an elevated ____ that articulates with the transverse process of a vertebra tubercle
What the patient feels Symptons
taking place or originating in a hospital nosocomial
resulting from the activity of physicians iatrogenic
Any disease that is of uncertain or unknown origin idiopathic
swelling that is caused by fluid trapped in your body's tissues, but doesn't need inflammation Edema
Depriving the organs cells and tissues of oxygen and nutrients Ischemia
localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply Infarct
Blood trapped within tissue (blood tumor) hematoma
the act of coughing up blood Hemoptysis
Offers its members inspections and accreditation of the quality of operations JCAHO (joint commission of Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations)
Statement of an organization that summarizes its intent to provide service Mission statement
Areas of common fracture in the bony thorax Ribs,sternum and Flail chest
Fracture of adjacent ribs in two or more places is caused by blunt trauma Flail chest
Congenital anomalies in the bony thorax Pectus carinatum and pectus excavatum
anterior protrusion of the lower sternum and xiphoid process (pigeon breast) Pectus carinatum
characterized by a depressed sternum (funnel chest) Pectus excavatum
Common sites of metastatic lesions in the bony thorax Osteolytic, osteoblastic, combo osteolytic and ostoblastic
Destructive lesions with irregular margins Osteolytic
Proliferative bony lesions of increased density Osteoblastic
localized or generalized infection of bone and marrow can be associated with postoperative complications of open heart surgery Osteomyelitis
Created by: Joker71