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music final

QuestionAnswer
the impressionist painters- french
who were the impressionists painters? monet, manet, degas, pisarro, renoir
the symbolic poets charles baudeelair, stephane mallarme, paul verlaine, arthur rimbaud
impressionism in music ancient sales and exotic sales
ancient sales church modes of the middle ages. machaut:modally based
exotic sales chromatic, whole tone. debussy "voiles" (whole tone scales)
claude debussy (1862-1918) french composer, impressionist, paris conservatory, prix de rome, opera pelease ad melisande (1902), died in 1918
debussy's output orchestral works- la mer, three nocturnes, "the afternoon of faun"
debussy's piano works claire de lune, evening in granada, reflections in the water
nadia boulanger 20th century music teacher
aaron copland important composer in 20th century
the reaction against romanticism escaping from refinement- adopt primitive, uninhibited, spontaneous style. non western sources
new trends in the arts futurism, dadaism, cubism, -expressionism - german response to impressionism, subconscious: hallucinations; dreams- artists:kandinsky, Klee, Kokooschka, Munch
expressionists composers arnold schoenberg, alban berg, anton
Neoclassicism balance and objectivity, formal structures, back to bach, early 1920s, absolute music
new elements of musical style the new rhthmic complexity, revitalization of rhyhm- polyrhthm, polymeter, changing meters, irregular meters
the new melody instrumental character, wide leaps and dissonant intervals
the new harmony beyond traditional systems of tonality, polychords, polyharmony
new concepts of tonality major-minor systems not dominant, drive toward and tonic weakened, church modes and non western music,polytonality, atonality
the twelve tone method devised by shoenberg, strict basone unified by tone row, tone row
stravisnky russian composer, nicolai rimsky-korsakov, serge diaghilev and russian ballet. -firebird (1910) Petrushka (1911) the rite of spring *near riot, 1920 france
stravinskys trends post-impressionism, primitivism, neoclassicism, seralism
shoenberg and the 2nd viennese school german expressionism - arnold shoenberg and his followers
arnold shoenberg austrian composer, conducter, teacher, artist, largely self taught
the european tradition traditional music approached scientifically, seeking authenticity
Bela Bartok and the european tradition 1881-1945, hungarian composer. studied folklore, emigrated to the u.s. in 1940, leukemia, ASCAP, died in new york city at 64
Bartok's music logic and beauty classical form, ,musical language based on easter europe tradition, new scales, polytonal harmonic language, tyrannical rule of the major and minor keys
nationalism in the americas aaron coplan, paris, nadia boulanger, jazz idioms, neoclassicism, piano pieces, orchestral works, ballets, film scores
nationalism in the americans: Mexico mexican culture draws on american indian, hispanic, and african cultures, catholic church powerful sinc 1519
silverstre revueltas mexican composer, child prodigy (violin), studies in mexico and the US
jazz began arond 1900 in new orleans, originally music for bars and brothels, early practionarers primarlily af
Created by: rachanne0906
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