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SOL Vocabulary-Set 1

half of a globe hemisphere
tells what the symbols on a map mean; also called a key legend
shows distance on a map; often uses a ratio such as 1:1,000 scale
another word for direction; shows on a map by a compass rose orientation
lines on a map that show the distance north or south of the Equator latitude
lines on a map that show the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian longitude
another word for a latitude line parallel
another name for a longitude line meridian
0 degrees latitude Equator
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
latitude line in the northern hemisphere that marks the border of the tropics Tropic of Cancer
latitude line in the southern hemisphere that marks the border of the tropics Tropic of Capricorn
latitude line that marks the high latitudes near the North Pole Arctic Circle
latitude line that marks the high latitudes near the South Pole Antarctic Circle
(Geographic Information Systems) computer database programs that can draw maps, charts, etc. GIS
shows direction (orientation) on a map compass rose
lines on a map that show elevation contours
maps that have a specific theme (population, climate, vegetation, etc.) thematic maps
map projection with parallel longitude lines; areas near the poles are very distorted; good for ship navigation Mercator
map projection with a view from above the North or South Pole; good for airline pilots Polar
map projection with longitude lines that curve toward the poles; less distortion than a Mercator; good for data representation Robinson
the actual location of a place (on a harbor, an island, a hilltop, etc.) site
the relative location of a place (on a trade route, between rivers, etc.) situation
the weather of an area over a long period of time climate
atmospheric conditions at a specific period of time weather
rain, snow, etc. precipitation
areas between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn; usually hot weather low latitudes
areas between the tropics and the Arctic/Antarctic Circles; mild or temperate weather; different seasons middle latitudes
areas between the Arctic/Antarctic Circles and the poles; very cold weather high latitudes
many people living closely together (usually an urban area) dense population
few people; people live farther apart (usually a rural area) sparse population
warm rainforest areas; plenty of precipitation and vegetation tropical wet
warm grassland areas such as the Sahel of Africa savanna
hot and dry climate (usually a desert) arid
relatively dry area, but plants exist, such as Africa’s Kalahari Desert semiarid
colder grassland areas such as in southern Siberia or Mongolia steppe
cold dense forest areas; found in Canada, other colder areas with plenty of rainfall taiga
Created by: Gmen