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Vocabulary for Schools and Society Chapter 6

Philosophy The study of theories of knowledge, truth, existence, and morality.
Philosophy of education A framework for thinking about educational issues, and a guide for professional practice.
Theory A set of related principles that are based on observation and are used to explain additional observations.
Normative philosophy A description of the way professionals ought to practice.
Epistemology The branch of philosophy that examines questions of how we come to know what we know.
Metaphysics (ontology) The branch of philosophy that considers what we know.
Axiology The branch of philosophy that considers values and ethics.
Logic The branch of philosophy that examines the processes of deriving valid conclusions from basic principles.
Idealism A traditional philosophy asserting that ideas are the only reliable form of reality.
Realism A traditional philosophy suggesting that the features of the universe exist whether or not a human being is there to perceive them.
Pragmatism A traditional philosophy that rejects the idea of absolute, unchanging truth, instead asserting that truth is "What works"
Existentialism A traditional philosophy suggesting that humanity isn't part of an orderly universe; rather, individuals create their own realities.
Perennialism An education philosophy suggesting that nature-including human nature-is constant.
Essentialism An educational philosophy suggesting that critical core of knowledge and skills exists that all people should possess.
Progressivism An educational philosophy emphasizing curricula that focus on real-world problem solving and individual development.
Postmodernism An educational philosophy contending that many of the institutions in our society, including schools, are used by those in power to control and marginalize those who lack power.
Created by: Xyrarose