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Social Psych exam II

Close relationships

QuestionAnswer
Discontinuity Effect says that intergroup behavior is much more competitive than inter-individual behavior
Reasons for intergroup competition (8) I. Discontinuity II. Social Identity Theory III. Diffusion of responsibility IV. Social support V. Deindividuation VI. Reciprocity Effects VII. Ingroup-Outgroup Bias VIII. Group norms
discontinuity effects stems from... ...schemas of fear and greed.
Social Identity Theory part of our self-esteem is anchored in the groups that we belong to; want our groups to do better than others (minimal group paradigm)
Minimal Group Paradigm arbitrary and virtually meaningless associations are necessary for people to categorize themselves into groups
Reciprocity Effects One group behaves competitively >> other group becomes competitive in response
Ingroup-Outgroup Bias how you think about your own group (more deserving, better) vs. other groups (different, less deserving); make fundamental attribution error
Ways to reduce intergroup competition (4) I. Contact effects II. Robber's Cave Study III. Jigsaw Classroom IV. Positive Intergroup Examples
Contact Effects allows groups to see how they are more similar; not very effective (e.g., school desegregation)
Robber's Cave Study 1. Group formation 2. Group competition 3. Conflict resolution Found that superior level goals (required more than 1 group to achieve) reduced competition.
Jigsaw Classroom cooperative learning technique; individuals in small groups are given subcategories, meet with "experts" from the other groups, then return to their own groups to report. Reduced competition, test scores improved
Created by: ddeandr1